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Table 5

Effect of SMT on experimentally induced pain by localization of pain reduction

 Systemic effectRegional effectLocal or same metamere
SMT relieved pain
[23]* -Cervical SMT/hand- foot T°
[42] – C5-C6 SMT / deltoid PPT
[37]– C5-C6 SMT/ Elbow PPT
[44]* -Lumbar Mob/hand PPT
[29] – Atlantooccipital SMT/masseter PPT
[44] – Lumbar mob/ L2 L5 (foot) PPT
[43]* - Lumbar SMT/ deltoid PPT
[38] - Atlantooccipital SMT/sphenoid PPT
[19] - C5-C6 SMT/ Elbow PPT
[18]* -Lumbar SMT/hand- foot PPT
[30] - Lumbar SMT/ 1st segment below PPT
[20] – C3-C4 SMT/ Trapezius PPT 5’
[18]* -Lumbar SMT/hand- foot T°
[43]* - Lumbar SMT/ L3 PPT
[20] – C3-C4 SMT/ Trapezius PPT 10’
[36]* -Lumbar SMT/hand- foot T°
[39] – C7-T1 SMT/ C5-C6 PPT
[31] - C5-C6 SMT/ Elbow PPT
 
[39] – C7-T1 SMT/ C5-C6 PPT
[21] - C5-C6 SMT/ Elbow PPT
 
[40] – Areas of stroking allodynia thorax SMT/ forearm
[21] - C5-C6 SMT/ Elbow spontaneous pain
 
[40] – Mechanical hyperalgesia thorax SMT/ forearm
[32]- C5-C6 SMT/ Elbow PPT
 
[40] – Spontaneous pain thorax SMT/ forearm
[33] - C5-C6 SMT/ Elbow PPT
 
 
[33] –C5-C6 SMT/ Elbow stretch test
 
 
[41]- Thoracic SMT/ spinous process electricity
 
 
[35]- Thoracic SMT/ Thoracic PPT
SMT did not relieve pain
[23]* - Cervical SMT/hand- foot 1st Pain T°
[37] – T5-T8 SMT (sham SMT)/ Elbow PPT
[42] – C5-C6 SMT / Trapezius PPT
[23]* - Cervical SMT/hand- foot PPT
 
[28]** – C5-C6 Mob(AP)/ C5-C6 PPT
[18]* – Lumbar SMT/hand- foot 1st Pain T°
 
[19] - C5-C6 SMT/ Elbow Cold
[36]* –Lumbar SMT/hand- foot 1st Pain T°
 
[19] - C5-C6 SMT/ Elbow Hot
 
 
[20]*** C3-C4 SMT/ Trapezius PPT0’
 
 
[32] - C5-C6 SMT/ Elbow Temp PPT
 
 
[33] –C5-C6 SMT/ Elbow spontaneous pain
   [34]- C0-C1SMT/ C2 PPT

*Assessment not blinded.

**This was an anterior-posterior mobilization, not lateral as SMT.

***PPT measured just after SMT, but there was a hypoalgesic effect at 5’ and 10’.

T° = temperature.

PPT = pressure pain thresholds.

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