Logo of nihpaAbout Author manuscriptsSubmit a manuscriptHHS Public Access; Author Manuscript; Accepted for publication in peer reviewed journal;
PMC full text:
J Electromyogr Kinesiol. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2013 Oct 1.
Published in final edited form as:
J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2012 Oct; 22(5): 785–794.
Published online 2012 Feb 19. doi:  10.1016/j.jelekin.2012.01.015

Figure 2

An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is nihms-360181-f0002.jpg

Lumbar paraspinal muscle spindle response to a high velocity, low amplitude spinal manipulative-like load. A shows an original tracing of a spindle’s response to the manipulation. Inset shows the spindle’s discharge on an expanded time scale. (Adapted from Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. 24(2):2-11, Pickar J & Wheeler JD, Response of muscle proprioceptors to spinal manipulative-like loads in the anesthetized cat, p6, 2001, with permission from Elsevier) B shows original tracings of a muscle spindle afferent’s response to 6 different thrust durations (400, 200, 100, 50, 25, and 12.5 ms) using a half-sine waveform . (Adapted from Journal of Manipulative and Physiological. Therapeutics. 29(1):22-31, Pickar JG & Kang Y-M, Paraspinal muscle spindle responses to the duration of a spinal manipulation under force control p26, 2006, with permission from Elsevier)