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Table 3

Prognostic factors significantly correlated with continuous neck pain after 1-year follow-up by univariate (P<0.1) and multivariate (P<0.05) logistic regression analysis (n = 138).

Univariate analysisMultivariate analyses

ItemβOR (90% CI)βOR (95% CI)
Treated by physiotherapist before0.21.28 (1.00 to 1.64)

Mean score on the NRS0.21.24 (1.02 to 1.51)

Pain in the upper part of the neck0.41.48 (1.17 to 1.87)0.51.63 (1.25 to 2.12)

Additional headache1.02.71 (1.33 to 5.51)

Duration of complaints >2 weeks1.23.36 (1.62 to 6.94)1.75.31 (2.24 to 12.6)

Motor vehicle accident0.92.51 (1.09 to 5.80)1.75.34 (1.90 to 15.0)

Total score on the NDI0.11.07 (1.01 to 1.13)

NDI = neck disability index. NRS = numerical pain-rating scale. OR = odds ratio.

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