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Table 1

Return to:   The Association of Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use
and Health Care Expenditures for Back and Neck Problems

Patient characteristics among CAM and non-CAM users with self-reported spine problems reported in MEPS 2002–2008.

CharacterLevelOverallNOT CAM USERCAM USERp-value for difference between groups
Unweighted sample, 2002–200812,0367,730 (64.2%)4,306 (35.8%)--
Annual weighted sample18.0 M10.6 M (59.1%)7.4 M (40.8%)
Age, mean48.9 (48.5, 49.3)50.9 (50.4, 51.5)48.2 (47.4, 48.9)0.001
Sex, %Male44.1 (42.9, 45.2)44.4 (42.9, 46.0)43.5 (41.7, 45.4)<0.001
Female55.9 (54.8, 57.1)55.6 (54.0, 57.1)56.5 (54.6, 58.3)
RegionNortheast18.8 (17.4, 20.4)19.1 (17.5, 20.8)18.4 (16.4, 20.6)<0.001
Midwest26.2 (24.4, 28.1)22.5 (20.6, 24.4)31.7 (29.0, 34.4)
South32.3 (30.5, 34.2)39.1 (37.0, 41.3)22.6 (20.1, 25.2)
West22.6 (20.9, 24.5)19.3 (17.7, 21.1)27.4 (24.8, 30.1)
RaceWhite86.6 (85.6, 87.5)83.3 (82.0, 84.6)91.4 (90.2, 92.4)<0.001
Black8.2 (7.5, 8.9)11.5 (10.5, 12.5)3.4 (2.8, 4.2)
Am. Indian0.8 (0.5, 1.1)0.9 (0.6, 1.4)0.6 (0.3, 1.0)
Asian2.5 (2.2, 3.0)2.4 (2.0, 3.0)2.7 (2.1, 3.4)
Native Ak0.2 (0.1, 0.3)0.2 (0.1, 0.4)0.2 (0.1, 0.4)
Multiple1.7 (1.4, 2.1)1.6 (1.3, 2.1)1.8 (1.3, 2.4)
EthnicityHispanic7.2 (6.5, 8.0)8.8 (8.0, 9.7)4.8 (4.0, 5.7)<0.001
Not Hispanic92.8 (92.1, 93.5)91.2 (90.3, 92.0)95.2 (94.3, 95.9)
Marital StatusMarried59.0 (57.7, 60.3)57.3 (55.7, 58.9)61.4 (59.3, 63.5)<0.001
Widowed8.2 (7.5, 8.9)9.7 (8.8, 10.7)6.0 (5.0, 7.1)
Divorced14.1 (13.2, 15.1)14.8 (13.6, 16.0)13.2 (11.9, 14.7)
Separated2.2 (1.9, 2.6)2.7 (2.3, 3.2)1.5 (1.1, 2.0)
Never16.5 (15.6, 17.5)15.5 (14.5, 16.7)17.9 (16.3, 19.7)
Adapted Charlson IndexNone66.9 (65.6, 68.1)63.3 (61.8, 64.7)72.1 (70.0, 74.0)<0.001
121.5 (20.5, 22.5)23.5 (22.3, 24.6)18.5 (16.9, 20.3)
211.7 (10.8, 12.6)11.8 (12.2, 14.4)9.4 (8.2, 10.8)
Health InsuranceMedicaid8.2 (7.5, 8.9)9.8 (8.9, 10.7)5.8 (4.9, 6.9)<0.001
Medicare9.0 (8.3, 9.7)12.7 (11.7, 13.7)3.7 (3.1, 4.5)
Private only75.1 (74.0, 76.3)69.8 (68.3, 71.2)82.9 (81.3, 84.4)
Uninsured7.7 (7.0, 8.5)7.8 (7.0, 8.7)7.6 (6.5, 8.9)
Family incomePoor10.1 (9.4, 10.9)13.7 (12.7, 14.7)5.0 (4.3, 5.9)<0.001
Near Poor3.8 (3.5, 4.2)4.7 (4.2, 5.2)2.6 (2.2, 3.2)
Low11.7 (10.9, 12.5)13.7 (12.7, 14.8)8.8 (7.9, 9.8)
Middle29.7 (28.6, 30.9)29.1 (27.7, 30.5)30.7 (28.8, 32.5)
High44.6 (43.0, 46.2)38.9 (37.0, 40.8)52.9 (50.8, 55.1)
Education *High school or less48.4 (46.8,50.0)53.9 (52.2, 55.7)40.3 (37.9, 42.7)<0.001
Any College51.6 (50.0, 53.3)46.1 (44.3, 47.8)59.7 (57.3, 62.1)
Unemployed at any time during yearNo60.6 (59.3, 61.8)52.8 (51.1, 54.4)71.9 (70.1, 73.6)<0.001
Yes39.4 (38.2, 40.7)47.2 (45.6, 48.9)28.1 (26.4, 29.9)
Back Pain diagnosis categorySprain/strain9.9 (9.2, 10.7)10.6 (9.8, 11.5)8.9 (7.6, 10.3)<0.001
Degeneration60.9 (59.7, 62.1)56.4 (54.8, 57.9)67.5 (65.5, 69.3)
Herniation w/o myelopathy12.3 (11.4, 13.1)14.7 (13.5, 15.9)8.7 (7.7, 9.9)
Herniation w/myelopathy11.5 (10.7, 12.3)12.6 (11.6, 13.6)9.9 (8.7, 11.1)
Stenosis2.5 (2.1, 3.0)3.2 (2.6, 3.8)1.5 (1.1, 2.1)
Spondylolisthesis0.4 (0.2, 0.5)0.4 (0.3, 0.7)0.3 (0.1, 0.6)
Scoliosis2.7 (2.3, 3.2)2.2 (1.8, 2.7)3.4 (2.7, 4.2)
*Total proportion is less that 100 because the answer was not ascertained for a small number of respondents