Table 2.   Definitions (Identities) of Chiropractic From 5 National and International Chiropractic Associations


Association of Chiropractic Colleges (ACC)  

“Chiropractic is a health care discipline which emphasizes the inherent recuperative power of the body to heal itself without the use of drugs or surgery. The practice of chiropractic focuses on the relationship between structure (primarily the spine) and function (as coordinated by the nervous system) and how that relationship affects the preservation and restoration of health. In addition, Doctors of Chiropractic recognize the value and responsibility of working in cooperation with other health care practitioners when in the best interest of the patient. Chiropractic is concerned with the preservation and restoration of health, and focuses particular attention on the subluxation.” [10]


American Chiropractic Association (ACA)  

“Doctors of Chiropractic establish a doctor/patient relationship and utilize adjustive and other clinical procedures unique to the chiropractic discipline. Doctors of Chiropractic may also use other conservative patient care procedures, and, when appropriate, collaborate with and/or refer to other health care providers." [11]


International Chiropractors Association (ICA)  

“The anatomical focus of the DC on the human spine has created the perception of the DC as just a back doctor. Although this perception is not entirely incorrect, it is very much incomplete. Doctors of chiropractic are a highly appropriate resource in matters of work-place safety, stress management, injury prevention, postural correction and nutritional counseling.” [12]


International Federation of Chiropractors and Organizations (IFCO)  

“Chiropractic [is] a separate and distinct profession dedicated to the detection and correction of vertebral subluxation for the better expression of life.” [13]


World Federation of Chiropractic (WFC)  

“A health profession concerned with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mechanical disorders of the musculoskeletal system, and the effects of these disorders on the function of the nervous system and general health. There is an emphasis on manual treatments including spinal adjustment and other joint and soft-tissue manipulation.” [14]