Table 2 - Peer-Reviewed Publications

FROM:   Journal of Chiropractic Education 2017 (Aug 2) [Epub] ~ FULL TEXT

Table 2 -   Peer-Reviewed Publications

Cassidy JD, Boyle E, Cote P, et al.
Risk of Vertebrobasilar Stroke and Chiropractic Care: Results of a Population-based
Case-control and Case-crossover Study

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2008 (Feb 15); 33 (4 Suppl): S176–183

Whedon JM, Song Y, Mackenzie TA, Phillips RB, Lukovits TG, Lurie JD.
Risk of Stroke After Chiropractic Spinal Manipulation in Medicare B Beneficiaries
Aged 66 to 99 Years With Neck Pain

J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2015 (Feb); 38 (2): 93–101

Tuchin P.
Chiropractic and Stroke: Association or Causation?
Int J Clin Pract. 2013 (Sep);   67 (9):   825–833

Bussieres A, Stuber KJ.
The Clinical Practice Guideline Initiative: A Joint Collaboration Designed to Improve
the Quality of Care Delivered by Doctors of Chiropractic

J Can Chiropr Assoc 2013 (Dec); 57 (4): 279–284

Dagenais S, Tricco AC, Haldeman S.
Synthesis of Recommendations for the Assessment and Management of
Low Back Pain from Recent Clinical Practice Guidelines

Spine J. 2010 (Jun); 10 (6): 514–529

Bishop PB, Quon JA, Fisher CG, Dvorak MFS.
The Chiropractic Hospital-based Interventions Research Outcomes (CHIRO) study:
A Randomized Controlled Trial on the Effectiveness of Clinical Practice Guidelines
in the Medical and Chiropractic Management of Patients with Acute Mechanical Low Back Pain

Spine J. 2010 (Dec); 10 (12): 1055–1064

Hurwitz EL, Carragee EJ, van der Velde G, et al.
Treatment of Neck Pain: Noninvasive Interventions: Results of the Bone and Joint Decade
2000–2010 Task Force on Neck Pain and Its Associated Disorders

Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2008 (Feb 15); 33 (4 Suppl): S123–152

Chou R, Qaseem A, Snow V, et al.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Low Back Pain: A Joint Clinical Practice Guideline
from the American College of Physicians and the American Pain Society

Annals of Internal Medicine 2007 (Oct 2); 147 (7): 478–491

UK BEAM Trial Team.
United Kingdom Back Pain Exercise and Manipulation (UK BEAM) Trial:
Effectiveness of Physical Treatments for Back Pain in Primary Care

British Medical Journal 2004 (Dec 11); 329 (7479): 1377–1384

Bronfort G, Haas M, Evans R, Leininger B, Triano J.
Effectiveness of Manual Therapies: The UK Evidence Report
Chiropractic & Osteopathy 2010 (Feb 25); 18 (1): 3

Clar C, Tsertsvadze A, Court R, Hundt GL, Clarke A, Sutcliffe P.
Clinical Effectiveness Of Manual Therapy For The Management Of Musculoskeletal
and Non-Musculoskeletal Conditions: Systematic Review And Update Of UK Evidence Report

Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2014 (Mar 28); 22 (1): 12

Murphy DR, Hurwitz EL.
A Theoretical Model for the Development of a Diagnosis-based Clinical
Decision Rule for the Management of Patients With Spinal Pain

BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2007 (Aug 3); 8: 75

Murphy DR, Hurwitz EL, Nelson CF.
A Diagnosis-based Clinical Decision Rule For Spinal Pain Part 2:
Review Of The Literature

Chiropractic & Osteopathy 2008 (Aug 11); 16: 7

Vining R, Potocki E, Seidman M, Morgenthal AP.
An Evidence-based Diagnostic Classification System For Low Back Pain
J Canadian Chiropractic Assoc 2013 (Sep); 57 (3): 189–204

Triano JJ, Budgell B, Bagnulo A, et al.
Review Of Methods Used By Chiropractors To Determine The Site For Applying Manipulation
Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2013 (Oct 21); 21 (1): 36

Cramer G, Budgell B, Henderson C, Khalsa P, Pickar J.
Basic Science Research Related to Chiropractic Spinal Adjusting:
The State of the Art and Recommendations Revisited

J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2006 (Nov); 29 (9): 726–761

Baker G, Farabaugh R, Augat TJ, Hawk C.
Algorithms for the Chiropractic Management of Acute and Chronic Spine-Related Pain
Topics in Integrative Health Care 2012 (Dec 31); 3 (4)

Haas M, Spegman A, Peterson D, Aickin M, Vavrek D.
Dose Response and Efficacy of Spinal Manipulation for Chronic Cervicogenic Headache:
A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial

Spine J. 2010 (Feb); 10 (2): 117–128

Bryans R, Descarreaux M, Duranleau M, et al.
Evidence-Based Guidelines for the Chiropractic Treatment of Adults With Headache
J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2011 (Jun); 34 (5): 274–289

Farabaugh RJ, Dehen MD, Hawk C.
Management of Chronic Spine-Related Conditions:
Consensus Recommendations of a Multidisciplinary Panel

J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2010 (Sep); 33 (7): 484–492

Haas M, Vavrek D, Peterson D, Polissar N, Neradilek MB.
Dose-response and Efficacy of Spinal Manipulation for Care of Chronic Low Back Pain:
A Randomized Controlled Trial

Spine J. 2014 (Jul 1); 14 (7): 1106–1116

Rubinstein SM, Terwee CB, Assendelft WJJ, de Boer MR, van Tulder MW.
Spinal manipulative therapy for acute low back pain: an update of the cochrane review.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013;38(3):E158–E177.2

Vos T, Flaxman AD, Naghavi M, et al.
Years Lived with Disability (YLDs) for 1160 Sequelae of 289 Diseases and Injuries
1990-2010: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010

Lancet. 2012 (Dec 15); 380 (9859): 2163–2196

Eisenberg DM, Davis RB, Ettner SL, et al.
Trends in Alternative Medicine Use in the United States, from 1990 to 1997:
Results of a Follow-up National Survey

JAMA 1998 (Nov 11); 280 (18): 1569–1575

Maiers M, Bronfort G, Evans R, et al.
Spinal Manipulative Therapy and Exercise for Seniors with Chronic Neck Pain
Spine J. 2014 (Sep 1); 14 (9): 1879–1889

Haldeman S, Carroll L, Cassidy JD, Schubert J, Nygren A.
The Bone and Joint Decade 2000–2010 Task Force on Neck Pain and Its Associated Disorders:
Executive Summary

Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2008 (Feb 15); 33 (4 Suppl): S5–7

Leaver AM, Maher CG, Herbert RD, et al.
A randomized controlled trial comparing manipulation with mobilization for recent onset neck pain.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2010;91(9):1313–1318.

Murphy DR, Hurwitz EL, Gregory A, Clary R.
A Nonsurgical Approach to the Management of Patients With Cervical Radiculopathy:
A Prospective Observational Cohort Study

J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2006 (May); 29 (4): 279–287

Murphy DR, Hurwitz EL, Gregory AA.
Manipulation in the Presence of Cervical Spinal Cord Compression: A Case Series
J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2006 (Mar); 29 (3): 236—144

Pickar JG, Bolton PS.
Spinal Manipulative Therapy and Somatosensory Activation
J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2012 (Oct); 22 (5): 785–794

Walter Herzog, PhD
The Biomechanics of Spinal Manipulation
J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2010 (Jul); 14 (3): 280–286

Bialosky JE, Bishop MD, Price DD, Robinson ME, George SZ.
The Mechanisms of Manual Therapy in the Treatment of Musculoskeletal Pain:
A Comprehensive Model

Man Ther. 2009 (Oct); 14 (5): 531–538

Cramer GD, Ross K, Pocius J, et al.
Evaluating the Relationship Among Cavitation, Zygapophyseal Joint Gapping,
and Spinal Manipulation: An Exploratory Case Series

J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2011 (Jan); 34 (1): 2–14

Cramer GD, Henderson CNR, Little JW, Daley C, Grieve TJ.
Zygapophyseal Joint Adhesions After Induced Hypomobility
J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2010 (Sep); 33 (7): 508–518

Flynn T, Fritz J, Whitman J, et al.
A Clinical Prediction Rule for Classifying Patients with Low Back Pain who Demonstrate
Short-term Improvement with Spinal Manipulation

Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2002 (Dec 15); 27 (24): 2835–2843

George JW, Skaggs CD, Thompson PA, Nelson DM, Gavard JA, Gross GA.
A Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing a Multimodal Intervention and Standard
Obstetrics Care for Low Back and Pelvic Pain in Pregnancy

Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2013 (Apr); 208 (4): 295.e1-7

Bakris G, Dickholtz M, Meyer PM, et al.
Atlas Vertebra Realignment and Achievement of Arterial Pressure Goal
in Hypertensive Patients: A Pilot Study

J Human Hypertension 2007 (May); 21 (5): 347–352

Panjabi MM.
A hypothesis of chronic back pain: ligament subfailure injuries lead to muscle control dysfunction.
Eur Spine J. 2005;15(5):668–676.

Kaminski M, Boal R, Gillette RG, Peterson DH, Villnave TJ.
A model for the evaluation of chiropractic methods.
J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1987;10(2):61–64.

Haneline M.
A primer on evidence-based practice for chiropractors.
Chiropr J Aust. 2011;41(3):78.

Clement RC, Welander A, Stowell C, et al.
A proposed set of metrics for standardized outcome reporting in the management of low back pain.
Acta Orthop. 2015:1–11.

Enix DE, Sudkamp K, Malmstrom TK, Flahert JH.
A randomized controlled trial of chiropractic compared to physical therapy for chronic low back pain in community dwelling geriatric patients.
Top Integr Health Care. 2015;6(1).

Carnes D, Mars TS, Mullinger B, Froud R, Underwood M.
Adverse events and manual therapy: a systematic review.
Man Ther. 2010;15(4):355–363.

Daligadu J, Haavik H, Yielder PC, Baarbe J, Murphy B.
Alterations in Cortical and Cerebellar Motor Processing in Subclinical Neck Pain Patients
Following Spinal Manipulation

J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2013 (Oct); 36 (8): 527–537

Kaminski M, Boal R.
An effect of ascorbic acid on delayedonset muscle soreness.
Pain. 1992;50(3):317–321.

Koes BW, van Tulder M, Lin C-WC, Macedo LG, McAuley J, Maher C.
An Updated Overview of Clinical Guidelines for the Management of Non-specific
Low Back Pain in Primary Care

Eur Spine J. 2010 (Dec); 19 (12): 2075–2094

Meeker WC, Haldeman S.
Chiropractic: A Profession at the Crossroads of Mainstream and Alternative Medicine
Ann Intern Med 2002 (Feb 5); 136 (3): 216–227

Albert HB, Sorensen JS, Christensen BS, Manniche C.
Antibiotic treatment in patients with chronic low back pain and vertebral bone edema (Modic type 1 changes): a doubleblind randomized clinical controlled trial of efficacy.
Eur Spine J. 2013;22(4):697–707.

Murphy DR, Hurwitz EL.
Application of a Diagnosis-Based Clinical Decision Guide in Patients with Low Back Pain
Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2011 (Oct 22); 19: 26

Coronado RA, Gay CW, Bialosky JE, Carnaby GD, Bishop MD, George SZ.
Changes in Pain Sensitivity Following Spinal Manipulation:
A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2012 (Oct); 22 (5): 752–767

Nelson CF, Lawrence DJ, Triano JJ, et al.
Chiropractic As Spine Care: A Model For The Profession
Chiropractic & Osteopathy 2005 (Jul 6); 13: 9

Murphy DR, Schneider MJ, Seaman DR, Perle SM, Nelson CF.
How Can Chiropractic Become a Respected Mainstream Profession?
The Example of Podiatry

Chiropractic & Osteopathy 2008 (Aug 29); 16: 10

Dehen MD, Whalen WM, Farabaugh RJ, Hawk C.
Consensus Terminology for Stages of Care: Acute, Chronic, Recurrent, and Wellness
J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2010 (Jul); 33 (6): 458–463

Croft A.
Appropriateness of cervical spine manipulation in disc herniation: a survey of practitioners.
Chiropr Tech. 1996;8(4):178–181.

Giuliano DA, McGregor M.
Assessment of a generalizable methodology to assess learning from manikin-based simulation technology.
J Chiropr Educ. 2014;28(1):16–20.

Koppenhaver SL, Fritz JM, Hebert JJ, et al.
Association between changes in abdominal and lumbar multifidus muscle thickness and clinical improvement after spinal manipulation.
J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2011;41(6):389–399.

Koppenhaver SL, Fritz JM, Hebert JJ, et al.
Association between history and physical examination factors and change in lumbar multifidus muscle thickness after spinal manipulation in patients with low back pain.
J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2012;22(5):724–731.

Triano JJ.
Biomechanics of spinal manipulative therapy.
Spine J. 2001;1(2):121–130.

Haldeman S, Rubinstein SM.
Cauda equina syndrome in patients undergoing manipulation of the lumbar spine.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1992;17(12):1469–1473.

Carrick FR.
Changes in brain function after manipulation of the cervical spine.
J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1997;20(8):529–545.

Niazi IK, Tu¨rker KS, Flavel S, Kinget M, Duehr J, Haavik H.
Changes in H-reflex and V-waves following spinal manipulation.
Exp Brain Res. 2015;233(4):1165–1173.

Cotton BA.
Chiropractic care of a 47-year-old woman with chronic Bell’s palsy: a case study.
J Chiropr Med. 2011;10(4):288–293.

Triano JJ, Goertz C, Weeks J, et al.
Chiropractic in North America: toward a strategic plan for professional renewal—outcomes from the 2006 Chiropractic Strategic Planning Conference.
J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2010;33(5):395–405.

Kinsinger FS, Sutton W.
Chiropractic leadership in the eradication of sexual abuse.
J Can Chiropr Assoc. 2012;56(1):66–74.

Huggins T, Boras AL, Gleberzon BJ, Popescu M, Bahry LA.
Clinical effectiveness of the activator adjusting instrument in the management of musculoskeletal disorders: a systematic review of the literature.
J Can Chiropr Assoc. 2012;56(1):49–57.

Ammendolia C, Chow N.
Clinical outcomes for neurogenic claudication using a multimodal program for lumbar spinal stenosis: a retrospective study.
J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2015;38(3):188–194.

Wong JJ, Cote P, Shearer HM, et al.
Clinical practice guidelines for the management of conditions related to traffic collisions: a systematic review by the OPTIMa Collaboration.
Disabil Rehabil. 2015;37(6):471–489.

Walker BF, French SD, Grant W, Green S.
Combined chiropractic interventions for low-back pain.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010;(4):CD005427.

Standaert CJ, Friedly J, Erwin MW, Lee MJ, Rechtine G, Henrikson NB, Norvell DC.
Comparative Effectiveness of Exercise, Acupuncture,
and Spinal Manipulation for Low Back Pain

Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 (Oct 1); 36 (21 Suppl): S120–130

Hill JC, Whitehurst DGT, Lewis M, et al.
Comparison of Stratified Primary Care Management For Low Back Pain With Current
Best Practice (STarT Back): A Randomised Controlled Trial

Lancet. 2011 (Oct 29); 378 (9802): 1560–1571

Cleland JA, Fritz JM, Kulig K, et al.
Comparison of the effectiveness of three manual physical therapy techniques in a subgroup of patients with low back pain who satisfy a clinical prediction rule: a randomized clinical trial.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009;34(25):2720–2729.

Hancock MJ, Koes B, Ostelo R, Peul W.
Diagnostic accuracy of the clinical examination in identifying the level of herniation in patients with sciatica.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011;36(11):E712–E719.

Bussieres AE, Peterson C, Taylor JAM.
Diagnostic Imaging Practice Guidelines for Musculoskeletal Complaints in Adults —
An Evidence-Based Approach

J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2007 (Nov); 30 (9): 684–717

McGregor M, Puhl AA, Reinhart C, Injeyan HS, Soave D.
Differentiating Intraprofessional Attitudes Toward Paradigms In Health Care Delivery
Among Chiropractic Factions: Results From A Randomly Sampled Survey

BMC Complement Altern Med 2014 (Feb 10); 14: 51

Cox JM, Feller JA, Cox JA.
Distraction chiropractic adjusting: clinical application and outcomes of 1,000 cases.
Top Clin Chiropr. 1996;3(3):45–59, 79–81.

Senna MK, Machaly SA.
Does Maintained Spinal Manipulation Therapy for Chronic Non-specific Low Back Pain
Result in Better Long Term Outcome?

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2011 (Aug 15); 36 (18): 1427–1437

Blanchette MA, Bussieres A, Stochkendahl MJ, Boruff J, Harrison P.
Effectiveness and Economic Evaluation of Chiropractic Care for the Treatment
of Low Back Pain: A Systematic Review of Pragmatic Studies

Syst Rev. 2015;18(4):30.

Roy RA, Boucher JP, Comtois AS.
Effects of a manually assisted mechanical force on cutaneous temperature.
J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2008;31(3):230–236.

Lehman GJ, Vernon H, McGill SM.
Effects of a mechanical pain stimulus on erector spinae activity before and after a spinal manipulation in patients with back pain: a preliminary investigation.
J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2001;24(6):402–406.

Kinsinger S, Soave D.
Ethics education in chiropractic colleges: a North American survey.
J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2012;35(6):486–490.

Bryans R, Decina P, Descarreaux M, et al.
Evidence-Based Guidelines for the Chiropractic Treatment of Adults With Neck Pain
J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2014 (Jan); 37 (1): 42–63

Maeda Y, Kettner N, Holden J, et al.
Functional deficits in carpal tunnel syndrome reflect reorganization of primary somatosensory cortex.
Brain. 2014;137(pt 6):1741–1752.

Kawchuk GN, Carrasco A, Beecher G, Goertzen D, Prasad N.
Identification of spinal tissues loaded by manual therapy: a robot-based serial dissection technique applied in porcine motion segments.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010;35(22):1983–1990.

Tait MJ, Levy J, Nowell M, et al.
Improved outcome after lumbar microdiscectomy in patients shown their excised disc fragments: a prospective, double blind, randomised, controlled trial.
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2009;80(9):1044–1046.

Anderson B, Pitsinger A.
Improvement in chronic muscle fasciculations with dietary change: a suspected case of gluten neuropathy.
J Chiropr Med. 2014;13(3):188–191.

Winterbottom M, Boon H, Mior S, Facey M.
Informed consent for chiropractic care: comparing patients’ perceptions to the legal perspective.
Man Ther. 2015;20(3):463–468.

Skyba DA, Radhakrishnan R, Rohlwing JJ, Wright A, Sluka KA.
Joint Manipulation Reduces Hyperalgesia By Activation of Monoamine Receptors
But Not Opioid or GABA Receptors in the Spinal Cord

Pain. 2003 (Nov); 106 (1-2): 159–168

Deyo RA, Jarvik JG, Chou R.
Low back pain in primary care.
BMJ. 2014;349:g4266.

McGregor M, Giuliano D.
Manikin-based clinical simulation in chiropractic education.
J Chiropr Educ. 2012;26(1):14–23.

Gross A, Miller J, D’Sylva J, et al.
Manipulation or mobilisation for neck pain: a Cochrane Review.
Man Ther. 2010;15(4):315–333.

Llusa΄ M, Mer?΄A`, Ruano D, eds.
Manual y atlas fotogra΄fico de anatom? ΄a del aparato locomotor.
Buenos Aires: Editorial Me΄dica Panamericana; 2004.

Nathan M, Keller TS.
Measurement and analysis of the in vivo posteroanterior impulse response of the human thoracolumbar spine: a feasibility study.
J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1994;17(7):431–441.

Hayden JA, van Tulder MW, Malmivaara AV, Koes BW.
Meta-analysis: exercise therapy for nonspecific low back pain.
Ann Intern Med. 2005;142(9):765–775.

Pickar JG.
Neurophysiological Effects of Spinal Manipulation
Spine J (N American Spine Society) 2002 (Sep); 2 (5): 357–371

De Witt JK, Osterbauer PJ, Stelmach GE, Fuhr AW.
Optoelectric measurement of changes in leg length inequality resulting from isolation tests.
J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1994;17(8):530–538.

Peterson CK, Schmid C, Leemann S, Anklin B, Humphreys BK.
Outcomes From Magnetic Resonance Imaging– Confirmed Symptomatic Cervical Disk
Herniation Patients Treated With High-Velocity, Low-Amplitude Spinal Manipulative
Therapy: A Prospective Cohort Study With 3-Month Follow-Up

J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2013 (Oct); 36 (8): 461–467

Goertz CM, Pohlman KA, Vining RD, Brantingham JW, Long CR.
Patient-centered Outcomes of High-velocity, Low-amplitude Spinal Manipulation
for Low Back Pain: A Systematic Review

J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2012 (Oct); 22 (5): 670-691

Bialosky JE, Bishop MD, George SZ, Robinson ME.
Placebo response to manual therapy: something out of nothing?
J Man Manipulative Ther. 2011;19(1):11–19.

Fritz JM, Koppenhaver SL, Kawchuk GN, Teyhen DS, Hebert JJ, Childs JD.
Preliminary Investigation of the Mechanisms Underlying the Effects of Manipulation:
Exploration of a Multivariate Model Including Spinal Stiffness,
Multifidus Recruitment, and Clinical Findings

Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 (Oct 1); 36 (21): 1772-1781

Gatterman MI, Cooperstein R, Lantz C, Perle SM, Schneider MJ.
Rating specific chiropractic technique procedures for common low back conditions.
J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2001;24(7):449–456.

Kawchuk GN, Fryer J, Jaremko JL, Zeng H, Rowe L, Thompson R.
Real-Time Visualization of Joint Cavitation
PLoS One. 2015 (Apr 15); 10 (4): e0119470

Downie A, Williams CM, Henschke N, et al.
Red flags to screen for malignancy and fracture in patients with low back pain: systematic review.
BMJ. 2013;347:f7095.

Dagenais S, Brady O, Haldeman S.
Shared decision making through informed consent in chiropractic management of low back pain.
J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2012;35(3):216–226.

Napadow V, Liu J, Li M, et al.
Somatosensory cortical plasticity in carpal tunnel syndrome treated by acupuncture.
Hum Brain Mapp. 2007;28(3):159–171.

Mangum K, Partna L, Vavrek D.
Spinal manipulation for the treatment of hypertension: a systematic qualitative literature review.
J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2012;35(3):235–243.

Song X-J, Gan Q, Cao J-L, Wang Z-B, Rupert RL.
Spinal Manipulation Reduces Pain and Hyperalgesia After
Lumbar Intervertebral Foramen Inflammation in the Rat

J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2006 (Jan); 29 (1): 5–13

Bronfort G, Evans R, Anderson AV, Svendsen KH, Bracha Y, Grimm RH.
Spinal Manipulation, Medication, or Home Exercise With Advice for Acute
and Subacute Neck Pain: A Randomized Trial

Annals of Internal Medicine 2012 (Jan 3); 156 (1 Pt 1): 1–10

Bronfort G.
Spinal manipulation: current state of research and its indications.
Neurol Clin. 1999;17(1):91–111.

Rubinstein SM, van Middelkoop M, Assendelft WJ, de Boer MR, van Tulder MW.
Spinal manipulative therapy for chronic low-back pain: an update of a Cochrane review.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011;36(13):E825-E846.

Delitto A, Piva SR, Moore CG, et al.
Surgery versus nonsurgical treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis: a randomized trial.
Ann Intern Med. 2015;162(7):465–473.

Foster NE, Hartvigsen J, Croft PR.
Taking responsibility for the early assessment and treatment of patients with musculoskeletal pain: a review and critical analysis.
Arthritis Res Ther. 2012;14(1):205.

Khalsa PS, Eberhart A, Cotler A, Nahin R.
The 2005 conference on the biology of manual therapies.
J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2006;29(5):341–346.

Enix DE, Scali F, Pontell ME.
The cervical myodural bridge, a review of literature and clinical implications.
J Can Chiropr Assoc. 2014;58(2):184–192.

Weigel PA, Hockenberry J, Bentler SE, Wolinsky FD.
The Comparative Effect of Episodes of Chiropractic
and Medical Treatment on the Health of Older Adults

J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2014 (Mar); 37 (3): 143–154

Basbaum AI, Levine JD.
The contribution of the nervous system to inflammation and inflammatory disease.
Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 1991;69(5):647–651.

Marshall P, Murphy B.
The effect of sacroiliac joint manipulation on feed-forward activation times of the deep abdominal musculature.
J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2006;29(3):196–202.

Holt KR, Haavik H, Elley CR.
The Effects of Manual Therapy on Balance and Falls: A Systematic Review
J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2012 (Mar); 35 (3): 227–234

Cramer GD, Gregerson DM, Knudsen JT, Hubbard BB, Ustas LM, Cantu JA.
The effects of side-posture positioning and spinal adjusting on the lumbar Z joints: a randomized controlled trial with sixty-four subjects.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2002;27(22):2459–2466.

Good CJ.
The Great Subluxation Debate: A Centrist's Perspective
J Chiropractic Humanities 2010 (Jun); 17 (1): 33–39

da C Menezes Costa L, Maher CG, Hancock MJ, McAuley JH, Herbert RD, Costa LOP.
The prognosis of acute and persistent low-back pain: a meta-analysis.
CMAJ. 2012;184(11):E613–E624.

Haavik H, Murphy B.
The role of spinal manipulation in addressing disordered sensorimotor integration and altered motor control.
J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2012;22(5):768–776.

Korr IM.
The spinal cord as organizer of disease processes: II. The peripheral autonomic nervous system.
J Am Osteopath Assoc. 1979;79(2):82–90.

Battie΄ MC, Videman T, Kaprio J, et al.
The Twin Spine Study: contributions to a changing view of disc degeneration.
Spine J. 2009;9(1):47–59.

Francio VT, Boesch R, Tunning M.
Treatment of a patient with posterior cortical atrophy (PCA) with chiropractic manipulation and Dynamic Neuromuscular Stabilization (DNS): A case report.
J Can Chiropr Assoc. 2015;59(1):37– 45.

Rodine RJ, Aker P.
Trigeminal neuralgia and chiropractic care: a case report.
J Can Chiropr Assoc. 2010;54(3):177–186.

Hartman SE.
Why do ineffective treatments seem helpful? A brief review.
Chiropr Osteopat. 2009;17:10.

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