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Table 3

Diagnostic procedures used in Functional Neurology according to four sources in a scoping review

Structure(s) or function(s)Sources of information
BookScientific articlesWebsitesInterviews
Spinal nerveSensorySpinothalamic tracta
Dorsal columnsb
Spinothalamic tracta
Dorsal columnsb
XX
MotorMyotomes
Muscle tone
MyotomesMyotomesX
ReflexesOsteotendinous
Plantar
Superficial abdominal
Osteotendinous
Plantar
XOsteotendinous

Cranial nervesI to XIIAt least, II to VIII, X to XIIAt least, III, IV, VI, and VIIII to XII

Vestibulo-cerebellarEye movements
CN II, III, V, VII and, VIII to XII
Romberg / Fukuda tests
Finger-to-nose / Heel-to-shin tests
Rapid alternative movements
Vestibulo-ocular reflex
Balance assessment
Tandem gait
Walking on toes / heels
Eye movements
Finger-to-nose / Heel-to-shin tests
Rapid alternative movements
Vestibulo-ocular reflex
Balance assessment
Functional Romberg test
Eye movements
Balance assessment
Eye movements
Romberg / Fukuda tests
Vestibulo-ocular reflex
Balance assessment

Brain lobe(s)Eye movements
Blind spot mapping
qEEG
Eye movements
Blind spot mapping
Gait assessment
Finger dexterity
Muscle testing
Primitive reflexes
Dual mental tasking
Eye movements
Blind spot mapping
Eye movements
Blind spot mapping

Basal gangliaLooking for fascial ticsColored lensesNMX

AutonomicObservation (e.g. pupillary size, condition of the skin)
Pupil light reflex
Blood pressure
Forehead / tympanic temperatures
Heart rate
Respiratory rate / ratio
Oximetry
Bowel auscultation
Dermographia
Vein-to-artery ratio of the retinal vessel
Blood pressure
Heart rate
Heart auscultation
“Respiratory excursion”
Vein-to-artery ratio of the retinal vessel
Search for dermographia
XPupillary size or pupil light reflex
Blood pressure
Heart rate
Oximetry

CognitiveQuestions about patient’s orientation and for testing memoryWechsler intelligence scale for children
Test of variables of attention
Finger tapping test
Cognitive tasks (e.g. memory tasks)
XTest of variables of attention
X Structure(s) or function(s) mentioned without specific example(s)

NM Structure(s) or function(s) not mentioned in the source

qEEG Quantitative electroencephalography

aThis includes nondiscriminative touch, temperature and pain sensations

bThis includes fine touch, and conscious proprioception