VERTEBRAL ARTERY DISSECTION AFTER IATROGENIC CERVICAL SUBCUTANEOUS EMPHYSEMA
 
   

Vertebral Artery Dissection After
Iatrogenic Cervical Subcutaneous Emphysema

This section is compiled by Frank M. Painter, D.C.
Send all comments or additions to:
   Frankp@chiro.org
 
   

FROM:   J Card Surg. 2011 (Jan);   26 (1):   5456

Rabkin DG, Benharash P, Shemin RJ.

The Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery,
Los Angeles Medical Center,
University of California,
Los Angeles, California, USA.
daverabkin@gmail.com


We report a case of spontaneous vertebral artery dissection (VAD) in a patient who developed extensive subcutaneous emphysema following the removal of a chest tube after a cardiac transplant. The pathophysiology and management of this uncommon complication are reviewed. Although vertebral and carotid artery dissections are unusual events occurring in 2.5 to 3 per 100,000 people, they are increasingly acknowledged to be important causes of stroke in the young and middle-aged adult population accounting for up to 25% of such cases. VADs are associated with a variety of minor traumatic mechanisms including painting a ceiling, yoga, chiropractic manipulation of the spine, and driving. These events cause injury to the vessel wall either by shearing forces secondary to rotational injuries or direct trauma to the vessel wall on bony prominences, especially the transverse processes of the cervical vertebrae. We present a case of a patient with documented previously normal vertebral arterial anatomy who developed a VAD after mediastinal tube removal resulted in subcutaneous emphysema tracking through fascial planes into his neck.


Return to IATROGENIC VERTEBRAL ARTERY INJURY Page

Since 6-09-2011

         © 19952017 ~ The Chiropractic Resource Organization ~ All Rights Reserved