EFFECT OF LYOPHILIZED EXTRACTS FROM GUARANÁ SEEDS [PAULLINIA CUPANA VAR. SORBILIS (MART.) DUCKE] ON BEHAVIORAL PROFILES IN RATS
 
   

Effect of Lyophilized Extracts from Guaraná seeds
[Paullinia cupana var. sorbilis (Mart.) Ducke]
on Behavioral Profiles in Rats

This section is compiled by Frank M. Painter, D.C.
Send all comments or additions to:
    Frankp@chiro.org
 
   

FROM:   Phytother Res. 2007 (Jun);   21 (6):   531–535

Otobone FJ1, Sanches AC, Nagae R, Martins JV, Sela VR,
de Mello JC, Audi EA

Departamento de Farmácia e Farmacologia,
Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Av.
Colombo, 5790-zona 7, CEP: 87020-900,
Maringá, PR, Brazil


The aim of the present study was to investigate the pharmacological properties of the crude lyophilized extract (EBPC) of Paullinia cupana seeds (guaraná) and the semi-purified extracts (EPA and EPB) after acute or chronic administration by the oral route in rats. Anxiolytic-like, antidepressant-like and motor stimulant effects were evaluated using the plus maze (PMT), forced swimming (FST) and open field (OFT) tests, respectively. Acute or chronic administration of EBPC (3.0, 30.0 or 60.0 mg/kg) did not alter the percentage of entries or the time spent in the open arm in the PMT. In the FST, chronic treatment with 30.0 mg EBPC/kg and 4.0 mg EPA/kg extract decreased the immobility time similarly to the antidepressant reference drug, imipramine (20.0 mg/kg). Locomotor activity in the OFT was not increased by these extracts. Caffeine (10.0 mg/kg) significantly reduced the immobility time in the FST, but increased locomotor activity in the OFT, indicating psychostimulant activity. The EPB extract did not induce any effect after acute or chronic treatment in the different models used. The present results suggest that the crude EBPC extract and EPA extract produced an antidepressant-like effect after long-term administration.


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