Probiotics in the Development and Treatment of Allergic Disease
 
   

Probiotics in the Development and
Treatment of Allergic Disease

This section is compiled by Frank M. Painter, D.C.
Send all comments or additions to:
   Frankp@chiro.org
 
   

FROM:   Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2012 (Dec);   41 (4):   747762

Isolauri E, Rautava S, Salminen S.

Department of Paediatrics,
University of Turku and Turku University Hospital,
Kiinamyllynkatu 4-8, 20520
Turku, Finland.
erika.isolauri@utu.fi.


Gut microbiota composition can discriminate between allergic and healthy children, and the distinction may precede clinical manifestations of disease. The mother provides the first inoculum of bacteria, which influences the risk of becoming allergic later in life. Bifidobacterium species are major determinants of disease risk. Specific probiotics may modulate early microbial colonization, which represents the first intervention target in allergic disease, together with their ability to reverse the increased intestinal permeability characteristic of children with atopic eczema and food allergy. Probiotics also enhance gut-specific IgA responses, which are frequently defective in children with food allergy. In addition, probiotics have the potential to alleviate allergic inflammation locally and systemically.


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