Bacopa monniera Monograph
Alternative Medicine Review 2004 (Mar); 9 (1): 79–85 ~ FULL TEXT
Bacopa monniera, also referred to as Bacopa monnieri, Herpestis monniera, water hyssop, and
“Brahmi,” has been used in the Ayurvedic system of medicine for centuries. Traditionally, it was used as a brain tonic to enhance memory development, learning, and concentration,  and to provide relief to patients with anxiety or epileptic disorders.  The plant has also been used in India and Pakistan as a cardiac tonic, digestive aid, and to improve respiratory function in cases of bronchoconstriction.  Recent research has focused primarily on Bacopa’s cognitive-enhancing effects, specifically memory, learning, and concentration, and results support the traditional Ayurvedic claims. Research on anxiety, epilepsy, bronchitis and asthma, irritable bowel syndrome, and gastric ulcers also supports the Ayurvedic uses of Bacopa. Bacopa’s antioxidant properties may offer protection from free radical damage in cardiovascular disease and certain types of cancer.
Effects of a Combined Extract of Ginkgo biloba and Bacopa monniera
on Cognitive Function in Healthy Humans
Hum Psychopharmacol 2004 (Mar); 19 (2): 91–96
The results showed that the combined extract relative to placebo did not demonstrate any significant effects on tests investigating a range of cognitive processes including attention, short-term and working memory, verbal learning, memory consolidation, executive processes, planning and problem solving, information processing speed, motor responsiveness and decision making. These findings suggest that at least within the current treatment duration and doses, an extract containing Ginkgo biloba and Bacopa monniera (a product called "Blackmores Ginkgo Brahmi") had no cognitive enhancing effects in healthy subjects.