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Published online 2015 Apr 17. doi:  10.1186/s12887-015-0344-5

Table 1

Return to:   Pain Characteristics of Adolescent Spinal Pain

Absolute values of the predictors for the adolescents without spinal pain, for those with pain in one spinal area and for those with pain in more than one spinal area

No spinal pain (N = 216) Pain in one spinal area (N = 131) Pain in more than one spinal area (N = 52)
Age (mean/SD)12.0 ± 1.712.6 ± 1.812.9 ± 1.6
Gender (male/female)116/10060/7119/33
BMI (mean/SD)18.4 ± 3.419.1 ± 2.919.1 ± 2.5
Finger Floor Distance (mean/SD)10.0 ± 9.89.5 ± 10.98.8 ± 9.7
Adams sign (Asymmetry/Symmetry)29/17627/10111/40
Single leg stance with closed eyes (reduced/ok on both legs)41/17025/10310/40
TV/computer activities (mean/SD)7.1 ± 5.98.2 ± 7.49.3 ± 6.3
Parental back pain (yes/no)157/26103/739/5
Parental smoking (yes/no)48/15634/8812/39
Sleep disorders (yes/no)40/17336/9423/29
Headache (yes/no)39/17334/9620/32
Abdominal pain (yes/no)23/18913/1174/48
Headache and abdominal pain (yes/no)14/19822/10811/41
BMI = body mass index.