Table 4.  Utilisation of healthcare resources and absenteeism from work for intervention group during follow up of 52 weeks. Values are means (standard deviations)


Type of utilisation
Manual therapy (n=60)
Physiotherapy (n=59)
General practitioner care (n=64)
General practice (No of visits)* 0.5 (1.3) 0.7 (1.3) 3.0 (1.6)
Manual therapy (No of sessions)* 7.3 (4.4) 1.5 (3.0) 7.2 (9.2)
Physiotherapy (No of sessions)* 1.2 (3.3) 14.7 (11.1) 3.0 (6.3)
Medical specialist care
(No of outpatient visits)
0.2 (0.7) 0.7 (2.3) 0.4 (1.1)
Professional home care (hours) 0 (0) 0.3 (2.1) 0.1 (1.1)
Help from partner or friends (hours) 3.2 (9.1) 14.0 (63.6)  6.4 (23.8)
Absenteeism from paid work (days) 1.3 (4.1)  7.5 (31.4) 10.4 (30.1)
Absenteeism from unpaid work (hours)  5.4 (14.9) 23.8 (85.1) 15.7 (51.3)

* Includes standard number of visits conforming with protocol.