Table 5.  Mean (standard deviation) total costs () and differences in mean total costs (95% confidence intervals)* during follow up of 52 weeks for three interventions for neck pain


Costs
Mean (SD) total costs
Difference in mean (95% CI) total costs
Manual therapy (n=60)
Physiotherapy (n=59)
General practitioner care (n=64)
Manual therapy v general practitioner care
Manual therapy v physiotherapy
Physiotherapy v general practitioner care
Direct healthcare costs 222 (141) 390 (353) 316 (473) -94 (-342 to -9) -168 (-264 to -84) 74 (-83 to 196)
Direct non-healthcare costs  50 (139) 127 (509) 74 (213) -24 (-95 to 34) -77 (-315 to 7) 53 (-41 to 262)
Total direct costs 271 (222) 517 (677) 390 (544) -119 (-290 to -4) -246 (-498 to -115) 127 (-79 to 352)
Indirect costs 177 (447)  780 (2999)  989 (2788) -812 (-1998 to -280) -603 (-2076 to -116) -209 (-921 to 1245)
Total costs 447 (525) 1297 (3475) 1379 (3104) -932 (-1932 to -283) -850 (-2258 to -239) -82 (-1063 to 1446)

1.00=£0.60, $0.90.
* 95% confidence interval obtained by bias corrected and accelerated bootstrapping.