THE REFLEX EFFECTS OF SPINAL SOMATIC NERVE STIMULATION ON VISCERAL FUNCTION
 
   

The Reflex Effects of Spinal Somatic
Nerve Stimulation on Visceral Function

This section was compiled by Frank M. Painter, D.C.
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FROM:   J Manipulative Physiol Ther 1992 (Jan);   15 (1):   5761

Sato A

Department of Autonomic Nervous System,
Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, Japan


This paper studies somatovisceral reflex responses in the cardiovascular organ, gastrointestinal tract, urinary bladder and adrenal medulla in anesthetized animals after eliminating emotional factors following somatic sensory stimulations. Various somatic sensory stimulations, including cutaneous, muscle and articular sensory stimulations, can produce differing autonomic reflex responses, depending on which visceral organs and somatic afferents are stimulated. Some responses have dominant sympathetic efferent involvement, whereas others have dominant parasympathetic efferent involvement. Some responses have propriospinal and segmental characteristics, while others have supraspinal and generalized characteristics in their reflex nature. These somatovisceral reflex responses may be functioning during spinal manipulative therapy in conscious humans.


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