Table 5

Summary table for papers discussing specific conditions.

NameRefDesignN/NpMain Results
Ramsey90Survey and diary124/122 (98%); adults with osteoporosis47% used at least 1 form of CAM; massage therapy used by 57%, and chiropractic used by 20.7%.
VandeCreek91Patient interviews112; breast cancer patientsHighest rates for prayer (84.5%) and exercise (75.8%); chiropractic used by 13.8%.
Shen92Patient interviews115; breast cancer patients84 of 115 used at least 1 form of CAM, and those that did were found to be higher educated; many people felt it strengthened their immune system; chiropractic used by less than 10% of the population.
Shinto93Mail survey927/385 (42%); MS was focus of study43% of NDs had treated patients with MS; 63% communicated with the patient's MD; diet was considered important.
Nayak94Mail survey11,600/3140 (27%); MS patientsMore than half used at least 1 form of CAM; the more dissatisfied they were with conventional care, the more likely they were to use CAM. Chiropractic ranked high, with over 25% seeing a chiropractor.
Furler96Patient interviews104; HIV patients77% reported use of CAM, with mind-body ranked highest (61.5%) and chiropractic use rated at 19.2%.
Bica97Cross-sectional analysis using repeated measures from a cohort study642; HIV patients60% used some form of an ingested CAM, while 40% used a non-ingested form; chiropractic not included in the analysis.
Wiwanitkit98Interview survey160; HIV patients95% used some form of Cam, and 78% visited a CAM practitioner; chiropractic not included.
Blanc101Telephone survey455/300 (66%); asthma patients42% used some form of CAM within the past 12 months
Ernst102Literature searches26 surveys; cancer50% of papers showed a use rate of up to 27% (range: 7–64%; average of 37.4%).
Lewith103Patient questionnaire270/162 (60%); cancer patients32% received at least 1 form of CAM; this was felt to offer palliative care; massage was most common.
Ceylan105Patient questionnaire326/305 (94%); cancer patients61% used at least 1 form of CAM; significant factors included birthplace, educational status and family type.
Harris106Mail survey1697/1077 (63%); cancer patientsHalf of those surveyed had used at least 1 form of CAM; 16.4% consulted a CAM practitioner; and dietary interventions were most common. 3.4% had used chiropractic services.
Unutzer107Telephone survey9585; mental disorders16.5% had used CAM in the last year; those with panic disorder and depression were most likely to be users.
Kessler108Telephone survey2055; anxiety and depression56.7% of those with anxiety attacks and 53.6% of those with depression used CAM in the last 12 months. Chiropractic care accounted for less than 1% of CAM use in this survey.
Simon109Systematic multi-state study of CAM providersAcupuncture: 2561; Chiropractic: 2550; Massage: 2005; Naturopathy: 1817; mental healthProportion oif visits for mental health ranged from 7–11% for all but chiropractors, who ranked at less than 1% of visits for mental health reasons.
Demling110Patient questionnaire512/473 (92%); psychiatric patientsAbout one-third had seen a Heilpraktiker; 11% used chiropractic methods.
Sanders112Parent survey of children undergoing treatment460/376 (82%); special needs children64% used CAM ; children with cerebral palsy or spina bifida were more likely to use manipulation; 4% had used a chiropractor in the last 6 months, while 6% reported using when at some time in their life.
Schoenberg113Patient interviews80; diabetics25% used at least 1 form of CAM, with Hispanics using it most frequently (50%).
Rolniak114Descriptive study174; patients presenting to the ER47% used at least 1 form of CAM; chiropractic was used by 5.7%.
Li115Patient questionnaire356; patients presenting to the ERAt visit, only 0.3% had recently seen a chiropractor, but 7% had seen one in the past 12 months.
Brunelli116Patient questionnaire180; patients with peripheral neuropathy43% used at least 1 form of CAM; chiropractic was used by 21% of patients. Megavitamin was most common (35%).
Wang117Mail surveyNot reported; surgical patients57.4% used at least 1 form of CAM, with 23% using chiropractic care.
Kitai118Patient questionnaire480; Israeli primary care patients18% used CAM, with most using more than 1 form; homeopathy was most common (34%0, with chiropractic lumped in with "other" at (18%).
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