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Table 2

Frequency of self-reported practice style characteristics*+

Practice StyleRaw values and percentages of respondents who indicated adhering to certain practice style
Function-based73/108 = 67.6%
Pain-based58/108 = 53.7%
Subluxation-based54/108 = 50.0%
Structure-based36/108 = 33.3%
Tonal-based12/108 = 11.1%
Evidence-based68/108 = 63.0%
Tonal-based who also indicated subluxation-based10/12 = 83.3%
Pain-based who also indicated functional-based52/58 = 89.7%
Pain-based who also indicated evidence-based42/58 = 72.4%
Subluxation-based who also indicated evidence-based28/54 = 51.9%
*Surveyed chiropractors were permitted to select all characterics they felt described their practice activities, thus the total percentages and raw numbers exceed 100%
+In general, chiropractors who characterize themselves as pain-based use pain and other symptoms as indicators to identify the clinical target for intervention. A functional-based chiropractor would rely on joint play, static and motion palpation as well as orthopedic tests to idenity the clinical target, whereas a structural-based chiropractor who emphasize the importance of posture, as assessed visually or by x-ray line marking. A subluxation-based chiropractor would posit that their principle role is to identify and correct subluxations, with or without the presence of symptoms. A tonal-based would posit that the spine cord has an optimal inherent vibratory tone or frequency, similar to the strings of a guitar, and that this optimal vibratory tone is compromised in the presence of vertebral subluxation.11