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Table 3.

Associations (Pearson r) Between Change in Lumbar Innervated Thermal Pain Sensitivity and Baseline Measures of Psychological Variables, Low Back Pain Duration, and Thermal Pain Sensitivity in Participants Who Received Spinal Manipulative Therapya

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a FPQ = Fear of Pain Questionnaire
CSQ-R = Coping Strategies Questionnaire
TSK = Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia
STAI = State-Trait Anxiety Inventory
ASI = Anxiety Sensitivity Index
NRS = numeric rating scale, with anchors of 0 ("no pain at all") and 100 ("worst pain imaginable").

bSignificant association at P<.05.