The RCGP - Clinical and Special Projects, Clinical Guidelines, Acute Low Back Pain. Contents, Index page
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Chapter 2

Evidence Review

Physical Therapies


Back exercises

Physical Agents and Modalities


Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)

Shoe Insoles and Shoe Lifts

Lumbar Corsets and Supports

Trigger Point and Ligamentous Injections


Epidural Steroid Injections

Facet Joint Injections


Group education: back school

Shoe Insoles and Shoe Lifts

Limited evidence suggests that shoe insoles may reduce back pain in some individuals with mild back complaints. There is no evidence that they provide any long-term benefit. (C)
Leg length differences of less than 2 cm are unlikely to be significant. (D)



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