Cervical Acceleration/
Deceleration (CAD) Articles

This section was compiled by Frank M. Painter, D.C.
Send all comments or additions to:

NOTE: This list of citations is far from exhaustive. This just represents some of the citations I read and collected during and shortly after I graduated.

"Quebec Task Force Rewrites Whiplash Protocols: Validation For Efficacy of Treatment Sadly Lacking"
Dynamic Chiropractic   June 5, 1995: 1

Croft, Arthur "Quebec Task Force Whiplash-Associated Disorders: What does it mean to practitioners?"
Dynamic Chiropractic   July 17, 1995: 34

Barnsley, L & Lord, Susan & Bogduk, N "The prevalence of chronic cervical zygapophyseal joint pain after whiplash"
Spine 1995; 20(1): 20-6

BenEliyahu, D "Post-motor vehicle accident peripheral nerve entrapment seen in clinical practice"
Dynamic Chiropractic   June 17, 1996: 33

BenEliyahu, D "Double crush syndrome"
Dynamic Chiropractic   Apr 22, 1996: 18

BenEliyahu, D "Cervical spine stenosis: Diagnostic considerations"
Dynamic Chiropractic   June 5, 1995: 15

BenEliyahu, D "Spinal stenosis and Dermatomal Somatosensory Evoked Potentials (DSEP)"
Dynamic Chiropractic   Feb 13, 1995: 16

BenEliyahu, D "Conservative nonoperative treatment of the cervical soft disc herniation"
Dynamic Chiropractic   Apr 8, 1994: 17

BenEliyahu, D "Chiropractic management and manipulative therapy for MRI documented cervical disc herniation"
J Manipulative Physiol Ther 1994; 17(3): 177-85

BenEliyahu, D "Chiro management of cervical strain, anterior subluxation, and ligamentous instability in sports injury"
Dynamic Chiropractic   Dec 17, 1993

Beutler, Carol "Basic examination & documentation for whiplash injury"
Today's Chiro 1991; Sept: 50-2

Boden, SD "Abnormal magnetic resonance scans of the cervical spine in symptomatic subjects"
J Bone Jt Surg 1990; 72-A(8): 1178-83

Bogduk, Nikolai "The anatomical basis for cervicogenic headache"
J Manipulative Physiol Ther 1992; 15(1): 67-70

Bogduk, Nikolai "The prevalence of cervical zygapophyseal joint pain"
Spine 1992; 17(7): 744-747

Bogduk, Nikolai "Anatomy and pathophysiology of whiplash"
Clin Biomech 1986: 1: 92-101

Bougie, Jaqueline D "Cervical instability: A report of 2 cases"
JNMS 1994; 2(1): 23-7

Bussieres, Andre "A review of functional outcome measures for cervical spine disorders: Literature review"
J Can Chiro Assc 1994; 38(1): 32-40

Cassidy, J. David "The immediate effect of manipulation versus mobilization on pain and range of motion in the cervical spine: A randomized controlled trial"
J Manipulative Physiol Ther 1992; 15(9): 570-75

Chester, John B "Whiplash, Postural Control, and the Inner Ear"
Spine; 16(7): 716-20

Cisler, Theresa A "Whiplash as a total body injury"
J Am Orthoped Assc 1994; 94(2): 145-8

Clark, W M "Twelve significant signs of cervical spine trauma"
Skel Radiol 1979; 3: 201-5

Croft, Arthur "Whiplash outcome: Do most patients recover in 6- 12 weeks?"
Dynamic Chiropractic   Apr 22, 1996: 14

Croft, Arthur "Quebec Task Force: The intrigue continues"
Dynamic Chiropractic   Mar 25, 1996: 20

Croft, Arthur "The risk of injury in whiplash: How likely are rear-end collision victims to be hurt?"
Dynamic Chiropractic   Feb 26, 1996: 24

Croft, Arthur "Physical Medicine Research Foundation holds 8th International Symposium"
Dynamic Chiropractic   Dec 4, 1995: 23

Croft, Arthur "Low speed rear impact collisions (LoSRICs): Epidemiological Analysis"
Dynamic Chiropractic   Nov 6, 1995: 16

Croft, Arthur "Excessive medical claims for automobile Personal Injuries: The RAND Report"
Dynamic Chiropractic   June 19, 1995: 27

Croft, Arthur "Postconcussion syndrome (PCS): Recent Literature"
Dynamic Chiropractic   April 24, 1995: 25

Croft, Arthur "Traumatic disc injury and the acceleration of disc disease and spondylosis"
Dynamic Chiropractic   Jan 2, 1995: 15

Croft, Arthur "Misconceptions Indeed!" A SLAM OF LIVINGSTON'S "Whiplash injury: Misconceptions and remedies"
Dynamic Chiropractic   Apr 8, 1994: 22

Croft, Arthur "A proposed classification of cervical acceleration-deceleration (CAD) injuries with a review of prognostic research"
Palmer J Res 1994; Sept 1(1): 10-21

Croft, Arthur "Cervical acceleration/deceleration trauma: A reappraisal of physical and biomechanical events"
J Neuromusculoskel Sys 1993; 1(2): 45-51

Croft, Arthur "The case against "litigation neurosis" in mild traumatic brain injuries (MTBI) and cervical acceleration/ deceleration trauma"
J Neuromusculoskel Sys 1993; 1(4): 149-55

Croft, Arthur C. "The cervical acceleration/deceleration syndrome: A proposal for management algorithms" ACA J Chiro 1989; June: 59-72 Croft, Arthur C. "Treatment paradigm for CAD injuries (WHIPLASH)"
ACA J Chiro 1993; Jan: 41-45

Croft, Arthur C. "Mild traumatic brain injuries (MTBI) after motor vehicle accidents"
Dynamic Chiropractic   March 11, 1994

Croft, Arthur C. "Whiplash can cause TMJ dysfunction though the chin never touches the chest"
ICS Jou 1992; June: 14-15

Croft, Arthur C. "The anterior subluxation: A subtle manifestation of soft tissue damage"
Amer Chiro 1987; Oct: 11-14

Daffner, Richard "Evaluation of cervical vertebral injuries"
Sem in Roentgenology 1992; XXVII(4): 239-53

Eccles, Ron "The failure of standard orthopedic and neurologic tests PART I"
Dynamic Chiropractic   Sept 1, 1995: 42

Eccles, Ron "The failure of standard orthopedic and neurologic test PART II"
Dynamic Chiropractic   Sept 25, 1995: 19

Farfan "The nature of instability"
Spine 1984; 9(7): 714-19

Fitz-Ritson, D "Chiropractic management and rehabilitation of cervical trauma"
J Manipulative Physiol Ther 1990; 13: 17-25

Fitz-Ritson, Don "Assessment of cervicogenic vertigo"
J Manipulative Physiol Ther 1991; 14(3): 193-8

Fitz-Ritson, D "The direct connections of the C2 dorsal root ganglion in the Macaca Irus Monkey: Relevance to the chiropractic profession"
J Manipulative Physiol Ther 1985; 8: 147-56

Gargan, MF "Long term prognosis of soft tissue injuries to the neck"
J Bone Jt Surg 1990; 72-B(5): 901-3

Goldberg, AL "Hyperextension injuries of the cervical spine"
Skeletal Radiol 1989; 18: 283-88

Gore, DR "Neck pain: A long term follow-up of 205 patients"
Spine 1987; 12: 1-5

Gore, DR "Roentgenographic findings of the cervical spine in asymptomatic people"
Spine 1986; 11: 521-4

Greenfield, J "Acute cervical strain evaluation and short-term prognostic factors"
Clin Orthop 1977; 122: 196-200

Henderson, DJ "Functional roentgenographic evaluation of the cervical spine in the sagittal plane"
J Manipulative Physiol Ther 1985; 8: 219-27

Herkowitz, H N "Subacute instability of the cervical spine"
Spine 1984; 9(4): 348-57

Herring, Charles "Cervical sprain: The second phase of care"
Today's Chiro ? : 22- 7

Hildingsson, C "Outcome after soft tissue injury of the cervical spine: A prospective study of 93 car accident victims"
Acta Orthop Scand 1990; 61: 357-9

Hirsch, Stuart A "Whiplash syndrome: Fact or fiction?"
Orthop Clin N Am 1988; 19(4): 791-5

Hodgson, SP "Whiplash injuries: Their long-term prognosis and its relationship to compensation"
Neuro Orthop 1989; 7: 88-99

Jonsson, H "Hidden cervical spine injuries in traffic accident victims with skull fractures"
J Spinal Disord 1991; 4(3): 251-63

Kellett, J "Acute soft tissue injuries- A review of the literature"
Med & Sci Sport Exercises 1986; 18(5): 489-500

Kent, Chris "Cervical spine flexion injuries: Imaging considerations"
ICA Internat Rev of Chiro 1993; Jan: 44-51

Kent, Chris "Anterior cervical subluxation with instability: A radiologic case report"
ICA Internat Rev of Chiro 1992; Sept: 44-7

Kettner, Norman W "Radiology of cervical spine injury"
J Manipulative Physiol Ther 1991; 14: 518-26

Lewkovich, Gary N "Legal duty of doctors treating whiplash trauma"
Dig Chiro Econ 1990; July: 20-2

Liebenson, Craig "Headache in the whiplash patient"
Dynamic Chiropractic   May 22, 1995: 43

Livingston, Michael "Whiplash injury: Misconceptions and remedies"
Aust Fam Physic 1992; 21(11): 1642-5
CROFT SLAMS THIS IN "Misconceptions, indeed !"

Macnab, Ian "Cervical spondylosis"
Clin Orthop & Rel Res 1975; 109: 69-77

Miles, K A "The incidence and prognostic significance of radiological abnormalities in soft tissue injuries to the cervical spine"
Skel Radiol 1988; 7: 493-6

Nansel, Dale "Effects of cervical adjustments on lateral flexion passive end-range asymmetry and on blood pressure, heart rate and plasma catecholamine levels"
J Manipulative Physiol Ther 1991; 14(8): 450-56

Nansel, Dale "Time course considerations for the effect of lower cervical adjustments with respect to the amelioration of cervical lateral flexion passive end-range assymetries, and on blood pressure, heart rate, and plasma catecholamine levels"
FCER's International Conference on Spinal Manipulation, 1990; 345-51

Neel, Sarbjit "Cervical whiplash: Diagnosing the soft tissue injury"
Dig Chiro Econ 1991; ar: 58-66

Norris, SH "The prognosis of neck injuries resulting from rear- end vehicle collisions"
J Bone Jt Surg 1983; 65-B(5): 608-611

Paris, S V "Physical signs of instability"
Spine 1985; 10: 277-9

Pearce, JMS "Whiplash injury: A reappraisal"
J of Neurol, Neurosurg & Psych 1989; 52: 1329-31

Radanov, B P "Impaired cognitive functioning after Whiplash injury of the cervical spine"
Spine 1996; 21(3): 392-397

Radanov, B P "Cognitive functioning after common whiplash- A controlled follow up study"
Archives of Neurol 1993; 50(1): 87-91

Radanov, B P "Cognitive deficits in patients after soft tissue injury of the cervical spine"
Spine 1992; 17(2): 127-31

Rodriguez, Arthur "Therapeutic exercise in chronic neck and back pain"
Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1992; 73: 870-75

Rupert, Ronald "Contrasting views in using manipulation to treat whiplash injuries"
Dynamic Chiropractic   Sept 1, 1995: 20

Sherk, Henry H "Evaluation and treatment of neck pain"
Orthop Clin N Am 1982; 13(3): 439-52

Silvano, Mior A "Functional perspectives of the cervical spine"
FCER's International Conference on Spinal Manipulation/, 1990; 154-6

Spitzer, Walter O et al. "Scientific Monograph of the Quebec Task Force on Whiplash-Associated Disorders: Redefining "Whiplash" and its Management"
See review in Dynamic Chiropractic   June 5, 1995
Spine 1995; Supplement April 15, 1995 20(8S): 73 pages

Steigerwald, Dennis P "Management of whiplash induced TMJ injuries"
ACA J Chiro 1995; March: 67-70

Stokes, IAF "Segmental motion and instability"
Spine 1987; 12: 688-91

Tarola, Gary "Dr. Croft vs. the Quebec Task Force: The world's leading authority?"
Dynamic Chiropractic   June 17, 1996: 7

Tarola, Gary "Whiplash: Contemporary considerations in assessment, management, treatment and prognosis"
JNMS 1993; 1(4): 156-66

Tarola, Gary "Whiplash: General considerations in assessment, treatment, management and prognosis PART I"
ACA J Chiro 1993; Jan: 63-9

Tarola, Gary "Whiplash: General considerations in assessment, treatment, management and prognosis PART II"
ACA J Chiro 1993; Feb: 47-8+

Taylor, JR "Acute injuries to cervical joints: An autopsy study of neck sprain"
Spine 1993; 18(9): 1115-22

Troyanovich, Steve "Do claims affect recovery of cervical injuries?"
Today's Chiro 1991; Sept: 44, 116

Tucker, Jeffrey "Acute cervical spine trauma evaluation"
Dynamic Chiropractic   June 17, 1994: 38

Wallis, Barbara J, Lord, Susan M, Barnsley, Leslie, Bogduk, Nikolai "Pain and psychologic symptoms of Austrailian patients with Whiplash"
Spine 1996; 21(7): 804-810

Weber, Barbara R "Duration of pain and muscular adaptations in patients with dysfunctions of the cervical spine"
J Orthop Res 1993; 11(6): 805-10

Weir, Don C "Roentgenographic signs of cervical injury"
Clin Orthop & Rel Res 1975; 109: 9-17

Wilberger, J E "Occult posttraumatic cervical ligamentous instability"
J Spinal Disord 1990; 3: 156-61

Yeomans, Steven G "The assessment of cervical intersegmental mobility before and after spinal manipulative therapy"
J Manipulative Physiol Ther 1992; 15(2): 106-14

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