Table 2

Table 2. Attitudes: Percentages of Physicians Reporting Complementary and Alternative Medicine Practices as Legitimate, by Specialty (n = 783).
              

Practice

Total
Sample

Pediatrics

Internal
Medicine

Family and
General Practice

 P Value*

Diet, exercise 98.0 98.8

98.5

96.8 NS
Counseling, psychotherapy 97.0 99.0 96.4 96.5 NS
Biofeedback, relaxation 88.2 87.0 86.3 90.0 NS
Behavioral medicine 85.8 88.9 79.7 88.8 0.05
Hypnotherapy 57.0 59.8 49.6 62.5 0.05
Massage, therapeutic touch 52.4 41.3 47.6 61.7 0.01
Acupuncture 49.0 41.7 50.6 51.7 NS
Vegetarianism 48.8 46.1 49.0 50.0 NS
Meditation 41.3 37.6 36.5 47.0 0.05
Chiropractic 38.7 23.0 37.0 47.5 0.01
Prayer, spiritual direction 33.3 25.4 31.3 38.9 0.05
Art therapy 27.7 34.1 23.2 27.8 0.05
Acupressure 26.0 13.0 20.0 36.9 0.01
Herbal medicine 20.0 14.9 19.5 23.6

NS

Megavitamin 18.5 10.0 17.1 24.0 0.01
Homeopathic medicine 18.4 15.5 14.9 22.7 0.05
Traditional Oriental medicine 14.6 11.7 14.8 15.9

NS

Electromagnetic applications 9.7 6.7 6.8 13.4

0.01

Native American medicine 9.2 7.7 9.6 9.7

NS

 NS = not significant.
*Based on chi-square analysis.