Nutrition Section @ Chiro.Org
 
   

The Nutrition Page provides non-solicitous nutrition information, including articles and research abstracts, supporting the benefits of vitamins, minerals and herbals for the restoration and maintenance of health. You'll also find links to other useful web sites.

 
   

This section was compiled by Frank M. Painter, D.C.
Send all comments or additions to:  
Frankp@chiro.org

Alternative Care Chiropractic

If there are terms in these articles you don't understand, you can get a definition from the Merriam Webster Medical Dictionary. If you want information about a specific disease, you can access the Merck Manual. You can also search Pub Med for more abstracts on this, or any other health topic.


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Supplement Research
 
   

The Supplement section contains information about the characteristics of some of my favorite herbal and dietary supplements.   Please note that although these articles and abstracts discuss the relationship between nutritional status and disease, that the Nutrition section is not intended as a prescriptive recommendation for our readers.   Please read the Nutrition Disclaimer.

The Supplement Section

   Acidophilus Pre/Probiotics

   Alfalfa

  
Alpha–lipoic Acid

  
Antioxidants

  
Ashwagandha

  
Banaba Leaf

  
Beta Carotene (Carotenoids)

  
Bioflavonoids

  
Black Cohosh

  
Boswellia serrata

  
Calcium

  
Chromium

  
Coenzyme - Q10

  
Echinacea

  
Fiber

  
Gamma-Linolenic Acid

  
Garlic

  
Ginger

  
Gingko biloba

  
Ginseng

  
Glucosamine

  
Leucine

  
Magnesium

  
Milk Thistle

  
Nutrient Depletion Charts

  
Omega-3 Fatty Acids

  
Resveratrol

  
Saw Palmetto

  
Selenium

  
Soy Protein

  
St. John's Wort

  
Sterols and Stanols

  
Vinpocetine

  
Vitamin B Complex

  
Vitamin C

  
Vitamin D

  
Vitamin E

  
Zinc
Condition Specific Nutrition

  
Cancer and Nutrition

  
Chronic Pain and Nutrition

  
Immunity and Nutrition

  
Joint Pain and Nutrition

  
Memory and Nutrition

  
Stress and Nutrition
       The Nutrition Bookshelf Page       

Nutrition and the Complementary Treatment of Disease

Enjoy this extensive selection of FULL TEXT articles from the premier complementary medicine journal, Alternative Medicine Review. There are articles here that discuss arthritis, asthma, attention deficit, cancer, chronic fatigue, diabetes, fibromyalgia, hepatitis C, multiple sclerosis, and many other disorders and diseases. Thanks to PubMed for making all these articles available to non-subscribers!   Read the Disclaimer

“I believe that you can, by taking some simple and inexpensive measures, extend your life and your years of well-being.   My most important recommendation is that you take vitamins every day in optimum amounts, to supplement the vitamins you receive in your food.”

~ Linus Pauling, Ph.D. (1901-1994), two-time Nobel Prize laureate
 
   

Nutrition Articles of Interest
 
   


  
Get the Lead Out!
           MedPage Today ~ May 13, 2013

           When the FDA finally got around to testing 324 multivitamin-mineral products that target children and pregnant women, they found that only 4 of them were lead-free. [1]   Now, new research published in the Pediatrics Journal suggests that even low levels of lead in a supplement can have adverse effects on your children. [2]   Why not use a supplement made correctly, so you can protect your family?


  
Dietary Supplement Recommendations By Saskatchewan Chiropractors:
Results Of An Online Survey

Chiropractic & Manual Therapies 2013 (Mar 7);   21 (1):   11 ~ FULL TEXT

All of the respondents (100%) indicated providing nutritional advice or counselling to patients, while nearly all (99%) indicated providing dietary supplement recommendations to patients. Respondents estimated that they provide nutritional advice or counselling to 31% of their patients on average, and recommend dietary supplements to an average of 25% of their patients. The most commonly recommended supplements were glucosamine sulfate, multivitamins, vitamin C, vitamin D, calcium, omega-3 fatty acids, and probiotics. The most common reasons to recommend dietary supplements were for “general health and wellness” (82% of respondents), “bone health” (74%), “rheumatologic, arthritic, degenerative, or inflammatory conditions” (72%), and “acute and/or chronic musculoskeletal conditions” (65%).


  
Multivitamins in the Prevention of Cancer in Men:
The Physicians' Health Study II
Randomized Controlled Trial

J American Medical Association 2012 (Oct 17) [Epub ahead of print] ~ FULL TEXT

This long-term (11 year) study on the impact of multivitamin supplementation of 14 thousand U.S. physicians revealed that, even with an older population (aged 50-64 years old), supplementation appears to significantly reduce "total cancer incidence", including significantly lower occurrances of prostate cancer, colorectal cancer, and other site-specific cancers.


  
Nutraceuticals and Their Preventive or
Potential Therapeutic Value in Parkinson's Disease

Nutrition Reviews 2012 (Jul);   70 (7):   373–386

Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common aging-related disorder in the world, after Alzheimer's disease. It is characterized by the progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta and other parts of the brain, leading to motor impairment, cognitive impairment, and dementia. Current treatment methods, such as L-dopa therapy, are focused only on relieving symptoms and delaying progression of the disease. To date, there is no known cure for PD, making prevention of PD as important as ever. More than a decade of research has revealed a number of major risk factors, including oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction. Moreover, numerous nutraceuticals have been found to target and attenuate these risk factors, thereby preventing or delaying the progression of PD. These nutraceuticals include vitamins C, D, E, coenzyme Q10, creatine, unsaturated fatty acids, sulfur-containing compounds, polyphenols, stilbenes, and phytoestrogens.


  
Factors Contributing to Nutritional Deficiencies
           From:   “Symptomatology and Differential Diagnosis”
           By Richard C. Schafer, D.C., FICC and the ACAPress

           Several different factors may be involved in vitamin and mineral deficiencies. For example, abnormal loss, utilization or subnormal absorption, intake, storage, or transport, singularly or in combination, may readily lead to symptoms of nutritional deficiency. The following charts identify each condition.


  
Multivitamin and Mineral Supplementation in 1,2-dimethylhydrazine Induced Experimental Colon Carcinogenesis and Evaluation of Free Radical Status, Antioxidant Potential, and Incidence of ACF
Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 2012 (Jan);   90 (1):   45–54 ~ FULL TEXT

Researchers publishing in the CJPP found that a diet enhanced with vitamin and mineral supplementation can lower the risk of developing precancerous colon cancer lesions by up to 84%. Colon cancer is the second most common form of the disease affecting men and women in the US, with nearly 150,000 new diagnoses each year.


  
4 Vitamins That Strengthen Older Brains
           New Tork Times ~ January 2, 2012

           Higher blood levels of omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin B, vitamin C, vitamin D and vitamin E are associated with better mental functioning in the elderly, a new study has found.


  
Why You Should Not Stop Taking Your Vitamins
           The Huffington Post ~ October 20, 2011

           Do vitamins kill people? How many people have died from taking vitamins? Should you stop taking your vitamins? It depends. To be exact, it depends on the quality of the science, and the very nature of scientific research. It is very hard to know things exactly through science. The waste bin of science is full of fallen heroes like Premarin, Vioxx and Avandia (which alone was responsible for 47,000 excess cardiac deaths since it was introduced in 1999).


  
Changing the Pain-Relief Mindset:   Dietary Alternatives to NSAIDs
           Dynamic Chiropractic ~ May 20, 2011

           More than 50 million Americans suffer with chronic pain, accounting for more than 25 million physician visits per year for low back pain alone. [1] The outcome is a nation of people who rely on nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for relief. Unfortunately, this is associated with various side effects that can be life-threatening for some. The second leading cause of peptic ulcers is the use of NSAIDs. Concerning ulcer-induced mortality, one third of NSAID / aspirin deaths are associated with low-dose aspirin use, presumably to prevent cardiovascular disease. [2]


  
Supplemental Niacin Outperforms 2 Leading Cholesterol-lowering Drugs
           Functional Ingredients ~ November 19, 2009

           When will they ever learn? There is an adage that says always start with the truth because you will eventually end up there. Such is the case with the recent findings presented at the American Heart Association annual scientific meeting. In case you missed it, the niacin based drug Niaspan outperformed not one, but two, leading cholesterol-lowering drugs: Merck's Zetia, and sister drug Vytorin. Apparently Zetia and Vytorin do little to reduce LDL cholesterol and even less to flush out artery build up.


   The “Cure-All Juices” Series   

We've all heard the expression that “if it's too good to be true, then it probably isn't”. Well, the makers of various “cure-all juices” lay claim to an astounding assortment of health benefits, with virtually no clinical trials to support them.   Enjoy this series of articles by Douglas Andersen, DC, DACBSP, CCN.

   Cure-All Juices,   Part 1 ~ Acai and Goji

   Cure-All Juices,   Part 2 ~ Noni

   Cure-All Juices,   Part 3 ~ Mangosteen

   Cure-All Juices,   Part 3 ~ Indian Gooseberry (Amalaki)


  
Essential Nutrients for Endurance Athletes: 10 for the Road
           Quite simply, athletes need more nutrients than less-active people. They demand more from their bodies than even average fitness buffs and so must compensate with the right nutrients from foods or supplements to keep performance—and recovery—at its peak. The more intense the exercise or sport, the greater the body's nutrient needs.


  
Enzymes Can Hasten Pain Relief
           One of the more common reactions to pathological processes is inflammation. Just about every disease or injury involves some form of it, which often manifests as pain. Enzymes, particularly proteases that break down proteins, can effectively be used to ease inflammation.


  
Keep Your Thyroid Healthy for Peak Energy
           Iodide isn't enough to keep your thyroid healthy. Proper intake of selenium, iron and essential fatty acids hold the key to a healthy thyroid and metabolism. Health problems as diverse as learning disabilities in children and heart disease in older people that may be related to disorders of the thyroid gland still crop up. Dietary deficiencies and a buildup of toxins in the body can contribute to the problem.


  
Low Vitamin D Levels Common in Apparently Healthy Girls
           Medscape Family Medicine
           August 4, 2006 —
  In a study of healthy adolescent girls, subclinical hypovitaminosis D was a relatively common finding, with non-white girls more severely affected. According to the UK-based study team, “reduced sunshine exposure rather than diet explained the difference in vitamin D status of white and non-white girls” in the study. “Vitamin D deficiency during childhood and adolescence,” warn Dr. M. Zulf Mughal and colleagues in the July issue of the Archives of Disease in Childhood, “might impair the acquisition of peak bone mass at the end of skeletal growth and maturation, thereby increasing the risk of osteoporotic fracture later in life.”


  
Vegetarian Children: How Healthy Are They? Are Their
Nutritional Needs Being Met?

Concerned parents who want to raise healthy vegetarian children often ask about their children's specific nutritional requirements. Are they getting enough iron or calcium? Should they be taking supplements? Will they be as strong and grow as fast as their omnivorous friends? These are valid concerns, but all of them can be resolved if parents provide a balanced and varied diet.


  
Nutrients and Botanicals for Erectile Dysfunction:
Examining the Evidence

Alternative Medicine Review 2004 (Feb);   9 (1):   4–16 ~ FULL TEXT

A review of the available empirical evidence reveals most naturally occurring compounds lack adequate clinical trials to support efficacy. However, arginine, yohimbine, Panax ginseng, Maca, and Ginkgo biloba all have some degree of evidence they may be helpful for erectile dysfunction.


  
Nutritional Alternatives for Statin Drugs
           American Chiropractor 2004 (Sep); 26 (6)

           A USAToday.com article, posted on June 8, 2004, stated that, “Bayer pulled Baycol after reports that 31 people taking the drug died of a rare but dangerous side effect called rhabdomyolysis, a toxic breakdown of muscle tissue that can lead to kidney failure. All statins have been associated with muscle problems, most of them not fatal, and patients are warned to report to their doctors any symptoms such as muscle pain, weakness, fatigue, dark urine, nausea and vomiting.” We need to focus on the statement that, “All statins have been associated with muscle problems.” In fact, muscle pain is very common in those taking statins. Long term use of statins is known to substantially increase the risk of developing polyneuropathy in some patients. [1] Statins also commonly cause fatigue [2] and memory loss and cognitive defects. [3] Severe irritability and aggression have also been attributed to statin use. [4]


   Health Care For Our Bones: A Practical Nutritional Approach
to Preventing Osteoporosis

J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2004 (Nov);   27 (9):   591-595 ~ FULL TEXT

When patients and doctors think of osteoporosis, calcium immediately comes to mind. “Bones contain calcium, and, therefore, take calcium to protect your bones,” is the battle cry that we hear most often from doctors, government agencies, and media sources. This commentary will provide a story of osteoporosis beyond calcium, which is one that practitioners and researchers need to consider when treating or investigating this pervasive condition.


  
Flawed Meta-Analysis Misrepresents Vitamin E Research
           November 16, 2004 ––   A flawed "retrospective review" published in the Annals of Internal Medicine took a narrow look at only 19 of the more than 2,170 published papers addressing the efficacy and safety of Vitamin E.   Strangely, "18 of those 19 clinical studies showed no increase in the risk for health complications or fatalities with Vitamin E versus a control group. Only one study out of the 19 demonstrated a higher risk and that study was with patients who were using estrogen hormone replacement therapy (HRT) along with Vitamin E."


  
Heavy Metal Content of Ayurvedic Herbal Medicine Products
           JAMA 2004 (Dec 15);   292 (23):   2868–2873

           It's long been known that certain Chinese herbal medicines contain potentially dangerous metals, but no one has determined whether Ayurvedic supplements pose the same problem. This Harvard study looked at Indian Ayurvedic herbs, and the news is not good. Researchers at Harvard bought 70 Ayurvedic products, nearly all of them made in India, and found that one in five contained potentially harmful levels of lead, mercury, and arsenic.


  
The Role of Chronic Inflammation in Cardiovascular Disease
and its Regulation by Nutrients

Alternative Medicine Review 2004 (Mar);   9 (1):   32–53 ~ FULL TEXT

Nutrients such as arginine, antioxidants (vitamins C and E, lipoic acid, glutathione), and enzyme cofactors (vitamins B2 and B3, folate, and tetrahydrobiopterin) help to elevate nitric oxide levels and may play an important role in the management of cardiovascular disease. Other dietary components such as DHA/EPA from fish oil, tocotrienols, vitamins B6 and B12, and quercetin contribute further to mitigating the inflammatory process.


  
Can Vitamins Decrease The Risk Of Women's Cancers?
           Recent randomised controlled trials of supplements have yielded some unexpected findings. In trials of high-risk individuals (smokers or asbestos workers), beta-carotene, which had been believed to prevent cancer, was found to actually increase the incidence of lung cancer, while vitamin E had no effect on lung cancer risk. [ 1,2 ] Selenium, which was hypothesised to reduce risk of non-melenomatous skin cancers, had no effect on skin cancer, but instead reduced the risk of a broad range of other cancers. [ 3 ] A New York Times front page story stated: "Consumers are, in effect, volunteering for a vast, largely unregulated experiment with substances that may be helpful, harmful or simply ineffective." [ 4 ]


  
Dietary Supplements Survival Kit
           In the film "Cast Away," Chuck (Tom Hanks) is a Federal Express employee who is the victim of a plane crash. He is washed ashore and stranded on a deserted island for four years. Several FedEx boxes also wash ashore, and Chuck makes novel use of the contents. Pretend you could have packed one of those boxes as a dietary supplements survival kit for Chuck. What would you have included?


  
And the Good Herb Taketh Away
           Botanical medicines may be safer than pharmaceuticals, but the potential to cause ill effects still exists. Gentle, natural herbs have gained a reputation as being able to do no wrong. Most consumers consider them safe healing agents without the side effects of prescription drugs. And overall, herbs generally are safe when used appropriately in recommended doses. But, as with any medicine, there are points to keep in mind when taking them therapeutically.


  
Ginger Alleviates Morning Sickness
           Ginger (Zingiber officinale), a commonly used folk remedy, has been confirmed to effectively treat nausea and vomiting in pregnancy. A placebo-controlled, double-blind study of 67 pregnant women with morning sickness was conducted by Teraporn Vutyavanich, M.D., of Chiang Mai University in Thailand. Thirty-two women were given 250 mg of ginger four times daily while 35 received placebo.


  
Supplementing Vegetarian Diets
          Vegetarian diets have blossomed and proliferated far beyond their countercultural roots in the early 1970s. Scientific evidence now makes clear that eliminating meat from the diet can indeed be a healthy choice. In fact, switching to a high intake of plant foods will provide the body with substantial amounts of vitamins, minerals and phytochemicals and low amounts of saturated fat—factors that have been associated with reduced risk of chronic diseases such as cancer and heart disease. [1] During the last 30 years, interest in such plant-based diets has shifted from assessing their adequacy to determining their specific health benefits. [2] And although scientists agree that there are a number of advantages, many also feel that, under certain circumstances, vegetarians may not be getting enough of a handful of nutrients.


  
Turning the Tables on Drug Interactions
            As vitamin supplements and herbal remedies move to the mainstream, health care professionals are closely monitoring the interactions between natural products and drugs. However, understanding such biochemical interactions is no easy task. Vitamins and herbs clearly complicate the existing problems of drug interactions. Medical journals that are addressing vitamin, herb and drug interactions are using the watchword "caution" for those clinicians prescribing natural products in conjunction with pharmaceuticals.


  
Nutritional Support for Wound Healing
           Alternative Medicine Review 2003 (Nov);   8 (4):   359–377 ~ FULL TEXT

           Healing of wounds, whether from accidental injury or surgical intervention, involves the activity of an intricate network of blood cells, tissue types, cytokines, and growth factors. This results in increased cellular activity, which causes an intensified metabolic demand for nutrients. Nutritional deficiencies can impede wound healing, and several nutritional factors required for wound repair may improve healing time and wound outcome.


  
Hot Flashes: A Review of the Literature on Alternative
and Complementary Treatment Approaches

Alternative Medicine Review 2003 (Aug);   8 (3):   284–302 ~ FULL TEXT

Hot flashes are a common experience for menopausal women, with an 85-percent incidence in the West. With the increased knowledge of side effects attributable to conventional treatment options, more women are exploring natural alternatives. Although more definitive research is necessary, several natural therapies show promise in treating hot flashes without the risks associated with conventional therapies. Soy and other phytoestrogens, black cohosh, evening primrose oil, vitamin E, the bioflavonoid hesperidin with vitamin C, ferulic acid, acupuncture treatment, and regular aerobic exercise have been shown effective in treating hot flashes in menopausal women.


  
Outcome-based Comparison of Ritalin versus Food-supplement
Treated Children with ADHD

Alternative Medicine Review 2003 (Aug);   8 (3):   319-330 ~ FULL TEXT

Numerous studies suggest that biochemical heterogeneous etiologies for AD/HD cluster around at least eight risk factors: food and additive allergies, heavy metal toxicity and other environmental toxins, low-protein/high-carbohydrate diets, mineral imbalances, essential fatty acid and phospholipid deficiencies, amino acid deficiencies, thyroid disorders, and B-vitamin deficiencies. The dietary supplements used were a mix of vitamins, minerals, phytonutrients, amino acids, essential fatty acids, phospholipids, and probiotics that attempted to address the AD/HD biochemical risk factors. These findings support the effectiveness of food supplement treatment in improving attention and self-control in children with AD/HD and suggest food supplement treatment of AD/HD may be of equal efficacy to Ritalin treatment.   NOTE:   You may also want to refer to the ADD/ADHD Page for more on this topic.


  
A Supplement Plan for Seniors
           In fact, with current knowledge, older customers can design a supplement program to protect them from the age-related decline that typically occurs among people who do not take care of themselves. The following supplements can be added gradually to their plan as they grow older. Start them with a basic comprehensive multivitamin and mineral with enough B complex; basic amounts of vitamin C and E; beta-carotene; trace minerals including chromium, copper, manganese, selenium and zinc; and, if possible, adequate magnesium and calcium, which may need to be taken separately because of their bulk.


  
Supplements Facts ~­ All the Facts: What the New Label Does ­
And Doesn't ­ Disclose

Alternative Medicine Review 1999 (Feb);   4 (1):   5-9 ~ FULL TEXT

Under "Other Ingredients," just below the Supplement Facts box, you will find additives: Binders (to bind tablets together); Lubricants (to assist powder flow in manufacturing); Coatings (to coat tablets and permit easier swallowing); Colorings (cosmetic reasons); and Fillers (used to fill space). The following is a list of many such additives grouped into general categories relative to their potential to cause allergic or sensitivity reactions, impede absorption, or have an undesired physiological effect.



  
Better Nutrition Nets Good Behaviour
           An extended UK study has found that adding vitamins, minerals and other nutritional elements to the diets of young criminals held in custody can help reduce anti-social behaviour and the number of offences they commit. The 18-month long study, on 230 men at a maximum-security institution found that the supplement group committed a quarter fewer offences, with violent offences falling by 40 per cent. There was no drop in offence rates in the control group.


  
How Nutrients Differ From Drugs
            Many physicians use vitamin and mineral supplements to prevent and treat disease. For example, vitamin E reduces coronary artery disease risk, and it can benefit people with confirmed cardiovascular disease. [1] Similarly, selenium supplements reduce some cancer risks [2] and improve the health of AIDS patients. [3] But do large supplemental doses somehow turn nutrients into drugs? I would argue that once a nutrient, always a nutrient.


   Complementary Treatment for Diseases   ~   New Articles
            Enjoy this extensive selection of FULL TEXT articles from the premier complementary medicine journal, Alternative Medicine Review. There are articles here on arthritis, asthma, attention deficit, cancer, chronic fatigue, diabetes, fibromyalgia, hepatitis C, multiple sclerosis, and many other disorders and diseases. Thanks to PubMed for making all these articles available to non-subscribers! Please read our Disclaimer.


   Archives of Our "Older" Nutrition Articles

 
   

The Opinion Section
 
   

   Organic Foods ~ Are They Better?      
          


   It's Now Official: Organic Really Is Better
            BBC News Report ~ October 28, 2007

            This article reports on a four-year study, funded by the European Union. A group of researchers grew fruit, vegetables, and reared cattle on adjacent organic and non-organic farms across Europe, including a 725-acre farm attached to Newcastle University in England. They discovered that the organic fruit and vegetables they produced contained 40% more antioxidants than conventional produce. Lab assays of the milk from their organic cattle revealed that the organic milk contained 50% to 80% more antioxidants than their conventional milk. They also found that other organic staples they grew, including wheat, tomatoes, potatoes, cabbage, onions, and lettuce also contained 20% to 40% more nutrients than their conventional counterparts. You may also enjoy this companion piece, titled: Organic Oroduce Is 'Better For You'


  
Organically Grown Foods: Evaluate Your Options
            Mayo Clinic ~ Dec 22, 2004

            Most supermarkets carry organic foods, including organic fruits, vegetables, meat and dairy products. There are several differences between organic and nonorganic foods and many factors that might influence your decision to buy — or not buy — these products. Let's review them now.


  
Organic Food Is More Nutritious
            Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 2001;   7 (2):   161

            For years, organic food proponents have suspected that organic food is higher in minerals and vitamins than conventionally farmed produce. As part of her doctoral dissertation, Virginia Worthington, Ph.D., of Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, reviewed available research comparing the nutritional value of organically grown and conventionally grown produce. She concluded that organic produce is nutritionally superior.


   Organic Food “Proven” Healthier
            BBC News January 3, 2000

            Mr. Holden said organic crops also have a measurably higher level of vitamins, and that this can benefit people who eat them. By contrast, he said, "intensive farming is devitalizing our food". Mr. Holden said the research, from Denmark and Germany, would be presented in the UK at the association's conference on organic food on 8 January.


  
Is Organically Grown Food More Nutritious?
          Alternative Therapies Health Med 1998 (Jan);   4 (1):   58–69

          The most relevant studies then, are not those that simply assess nutrient content, but are those that feed organic or conventional feed to animals and then look at how healthy they are. There are 14 such animal studies that have been performed over the last 70 years. In ten of these, the organically fed animals fared better; in one, the animals fed organic feed came in second among several chemically fertilized feeds; and 3 studies showed no difference, possibly due to weaknesses in the study designs.


  
New Organic Food Guidelines Take Effect
          Prior to the USDA’s new statute, a product sold anywhere in the U.S. with as little as 1 percent of its ingredients comprised of organic material could claim to be an “organic” product to consumers. Now, any product imported from other countries or grown in the U.S. that wants to use the label organic must follow strictly worded guidelines and be free of conventional pesticides, GMOs and radiation.


  
Are Organics Really Healthier?
            High on the list of consumer food safety concerns are pesticide residues in food. Annual surveys in the UK and US typically reveal that approximately one-third of all conventional food samples and half of all fresh produce tested contain low levels of pesticide residues. Regulators assert that rigorous safety assessments have confirmed that these levels are not a threat to food safety. Consumers intuitively know this is a false assurance. No rigorous scientific safety assessment has or can be made of the infinite number of mixtures of compounds consumers are exposed to. Individual samples sometimes contain up to seven different pesticides, and the US FDA has found up to 350 different pesticides in foods sampled.


  
Our Food is Becoming Less Nutritious. Why?
            In the April 1943 issue of Organic Farming and Gardening, our visionary founder J.I. Rodale wrote: "The United States Government has admitted that the reason 50 percent of the men called for the draft were rejected was because they were undernourished. Now, all these men ate plenty of food, but this food lacked enough minerals and vitamins to make them physically fit.



  
What's Behind Your Organic Food?
            What constitutes an organic product? The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) dictates that organic foods must be produced by farmers who “emphasize the use of renewable resources and the conservation of soil and water to enhance the environmental quality for future generations.” But what this really means varies depending upon the product. Meat, poultry, egg and dairy products must be from animals that are never given synthetic growth hormones or antibiotics. The animals must also be fed an organic diet and be allowed to roam freely. Organic fruits and vegetables may not be grown using any conventional pesticides, nor may the land be treated with synthetic fertilizers or sewer sludge.


   Genetically-modified (GM) Food ~ Is It Safe?   

   GM Food: Head to Head: Point/Counterpoint
            Enjoy this debate between Dr Ian Taylor, the Scientific Political Adviser for Greenpeace, and Clive Rainbird, a Biotechnology Communications Manager for manufacturers AgrEvo.


  
Genetically Modified Foods Warning
           American Academy of Environmental Medicine

           Because GM foods pose a serious health risk in the areas of toxicology, allergy and immune function, reproductive health, and metabolic, physiologic and genetic health and are without benefit, the AAEM believes that it is imperative to adopt the precautionary principle, which is one of the main regulatory tools of the European Union environmental and health policy and serves as a foundation for several international agreements. [13] The most commonly used definition is from the 1992 Rio Declaration that states:   “In order to protect the environment, the precautionary approach shall be widely applied by States according to their capabilities. Where there are threats of serious or irreversible damage, lack of full scientific certainty shall not be used as a reason for postponing cost-effective measures to prevent environmental degradation.” [13]


  
How To Avoid Food Brands Made With Genetically
Modified Organisms (GMOs)

Genetic Engineering (GE) or Genetic Modification (GM) of food involves the laboratory process of artificially inserting genes into the DNA of food crops or animals. The result is called a genetically modified organism or GMO. GMOs can be engineered with genes from bacteria, viruses, insects, animals, or even humans. Most Americans say they would not eat GMOs if labeled, but unlike most other industrialized countries, the U.S. does not require labeling.


   Are Supplements Worth the Money?   

   Why Not Buy the Cheapest Vitamins?
            Quality IS an issue when buying supplements, just like it is an issue when buying carpet or clothes. There are 100's of brands of food supplements on the market, but let's look at some quality issues.


   Why Supplements Are Necessary
            I am breaking my "non-commercial-only" tradition by listing this article, from Rodale Presses "Renewal:   The Anti-Aging Revolution", which I found on a commercial vitamin-sales website. That's because this chapter is clear, accurate, and easy to understand! Please remember that commercially available vitamins usually haven't been tested for the purity and potency of their raw-materials, the accuracy of their dosage, or their bio-availability once it's inside your digestive tract. The research findings presented in these pages are based on the use of pharmaceutically produced products for that trial, not products available in "health food" stores or pharmacys.


   Military Program Proposes Saving Money Through Vitamin E Supplementation
A 1997 report by the National Defense Council Foundation finds that the federal government could save up to $6.3 billion annually by increasing the health of active and retired military personnel through a anti-aging program that includes the use of vitamin supplementation.


   Fad Diets ~ Do They Help?   

   FTC Takes a Regulatory Sledgehammer to the Weight Loss Market
           April 27th, 2009 —   Weight loss has been the focus of the FTC over the past few years but '08 and '09 have seen a significant step up in their activity. Within the last week we have seen 2 of the heavy weight formulations receive legal attention. In 2005 The FTC charged RTC Research & Development, LLC with making false and unsubstantiated weight-loss claims for Xenadrine EFX. In 2006 the court found in favour of the FTC and under the terms of the settlement RTC to pay $8 million in consumer redress. Most recently the FTC also charged suppliers of Hoodia gordonii, including Nutraceuticals International, Stella Labs, as well as individual defendants from these companies, with deceptive advertising claims. The FTC alleges that the defendants not only made false and deceptive claims about what hoodia could do, but also, claimed that their product was Hoodia gordonii, a plant native to southern Africa, when it was not.


   The Trend Diets
           Strictly speaking, our “diet” is whatever we eat. For some years, however, the term has been synonymous with weight loss. It conjured up images of calorie counting, carbohydrate charts, and fat grams, all topped with a helping of discipline, and maybe a lapse or two on the side. Nutrition or health often were meager portions if they were served at all. The goal was to trim the waistline. But increasingly, creators of weight-loss diets present health concerns, e.g. nutrients and exercise, as integral parts of their programs. Likewise, proponents of health-based diets say that achieving proper weight is a natural result of their regimens.


   Fad Diets Analyzed
           In this article, we will examine the scientific pros and cons regarding low carbohydrate, high protein diets such as the Atkins and South Beach diets in managing our weight and achieving optimal body composition. In order to understand the principles of weight management, we will first review the basics of Basal Energy Expenditure (BEE) and Total Energy Requirements (TER), which include BEE and energy requirements for external activities. We will then discuss a few tips for safe and permanent weight management.

 
   

Helpful Nutrition Tools
 
   

   The Nutrition Book Shelf
           Please browse our Nutrition book shelf.   Any books you purchase will help to support our non-commercial website.


   Office of Dietary Supplements @ NIH
           This National Institutes of Health (NIH) site defines supplements, and contains the " The International Bibliographic Information on Dietary Supplements (IBIDS) Database".
You may also find value with the NCCAM Dietary and Herbal Supplements Page.


   The FDA (Food and Drug Administration) On-line
           Find out about your food, supplements, drugs, the drugs given to animals (which you are eating indirectly!), cosmetics and a bunch of other stuff! You may also enjoy their Search Page.


  
The Menopause Relief Page
           Review articles and abstracts discussing the benefits of Soy Protein and Black Cohosh for peri-menopausal symptoms and osteoporosis, and the risks of estrogen replacement products.


  
The Women's Health Page
           Review the collection of articles relating to women's health and reproductive issues. There is also a significant "links" section.


   Nutrient Depletion Charts
           These tables describe what nutrients are depleted with the use of corticosteroids, NSAIDS and other commonly prescribed chemicals.


  
Show me the Food Guide Pyramid
           This contains serving sizes and suggestions for how to make the best choices for you and your family.


  
The Leading Causes of Death
           The leading causes of death are all lifestyle related and often preventable.   Chronic diseases comprise the three leading causes of death in the United States -- heart disease, cancer, and cerebrovascular disease -- and they account for nearly two thirds of all deaths.


  
FDA-Authorized Health Claims
           This is a simple table of the 11 FDA “approved” claims for foods and supplements.

 
   

Nutrition Links
 
   

   Nutrition Journals   

   American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

   Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism

   Annual Review of Nutrition

   Clinical Nutrition

   European Journal of Clinical Nutrition

   European Journal of Nutrition

   HerbalGram ~ The Journal of the American Botanical Council

   Journal of Nutrition

   Journal of the American College of Nutrition

   Nutrition and Cancer

   Nutrition Journal ~ Full Text

   End of Journals   


   Aspartame Complaint Page


   The Codex Alimentarius Page


   Conscious Choice Magazine


   Council for Responsible Nutrition
          The Council for Responsible Nutrition (CRN) member companies include ingredient suppliers and manufacturers in the dietary supplement industry. CRN members adhere to a strong code of ethics, comply with voluntary recommendations and manufacture dietary supplements to high quality standards under good manufacturing practices. I was surprised that many nutrition companies which sell to chiropractors were not part of their member list!


   Food and Nutrition Information Center


   Good Health Magazine


   Herbal Materia Medica (Individual Herbs)


   Herb Med Information Page


   Herbal Medicine from Medline Plus


   The Linus Pauling Institute


   Nutritional Deficiencies


   Nutrition-related Diseases
         Scroll down to find it


   Orthomolecular Medicine Online


   Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases


   Prevention Magazine


   School of Botanical Medicine
          Contains sketches and photographs of many Herbs and contains several on-line textbooks


   USDA Nutrient Database



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Since 5-01-1997

Updated 1-11-2014

15 Years and Still Cooking!

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